Tuesday, 19 August 2014

Ginger a Powerhouse of Health

Ginger, with its strong and spicy aroma, has its own place in Indian cuisine. Ginger may be used fresh or dried, powdered or pickled or in the form of juice or oil. Ginger tea is the most commonly used form, not to mention the ginger concoction given every time someone catches a cold.
From last thousands of years ginger has been used for the treatment of many ailments due to its therapeutic properties and preventive effects.
The most common properties of ginger are as follows
• Good anti-inflammatory
• Analgesic
• Antioxidant
• Anti-emetic property
Along with these properties ginger helps to decrease inflammation, swelling and pain due to its ability to inhibit prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis.
Compounds present in ginger are helpful in suppressing allergic reactions.
Respiratory problems
The antihistamine property of ginger helps in treating allergies. It is well known that ginger helps in inhibiting the airway contraction and also stimulate the secretion of mucus. Ginger is very effective for persistent cough and sore throat.
Ginger juice is very effective for sore throat if given mixed with honey.
Treating nausea and vomiting
People who suffer from seasickness, motion sickness or nausea after surgery can treat these sensations just by adding ginger in mouth. Chewing ginger could reduce nausea and vomiting. Ginger is also very helpful in reducing bad effects of chemotherapy.
Preventing morning sickness
In pregnant women ginger is beneficial in preventing their morning sickness. But it is advisable to consult your doctor before taking it.
Remedy for loss of appetite
Individuals who have low appetite can get their appetite boost up by eating a fresh ginger before their meal. Ginger can get your digestion juices going and increase your appetite.
Aiding in digestion
Ginger helps in improving digestion by improving absorption and assimilation of essential nutrients and aids in digestion. One more property of ginger is that it helps in break down the proteins in your food. Ginger also helps gastric mucosa from ulcers by promoting mucus secretion.
Anti-flatulence
Carminative property of ginger helps to relieve person from bloating and gas and reduce flatulence.

Reduce menstrual pain
If ginger is taken at the start of menstrual period it helps in reducing the menstrual pain in some women.
Relieve headache
Applying diluted paste of ginger on forehead helps to relieve headache. Ginger is also useful in treating cases of migraine also.



Arthritis
Ginger also helps to reduce joint pains and pains of arthritis in many people due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. If you want to relieve muscle or joint pain add some ginger oil into your bath.
Cancer
Ginger root contains a very high level of antioxidants. Ginger has the ability to induce cell death (apoptosis) and suppress certain protein. According to some studies, ginger may be a powerful weapon against cancers.

Tuesday, 12 August 2014

What Is Night Falls and How To Limit Its Frequency

Night fall is a very frustrating situation for young men; they feel embarrassed to discuss it with others. But there is nothing to be embarrassed about it as most men experiences night fall sometimes in their life. But if it continues it causes complications to health and weakness in reproductive system. Never self medicate yourself but contact your doctor and talk about your problem openly as only a doctor can guide you towards right kind of treatment. There is nothing to worry about it as it is a treatable condition in majority of cases.
If night fall occurs within a healthy limit, it is not considered a problem. Occurrence of night fall is considered normal in young age when hormones are at peak level or when an adult male is abstaining from lovemaking. But if a person is experiencing symptoms like lethargy, low libido, reduced sensation in genital region and burning sensation during or after urination then immediate treatment of night fall is required.
What is Night Fall?
Involuntary ejaculation of semen during sleep in the night or in the early morning is a condition called night fall. Night fall is a very common occurrence among teenage boys and adolescents. In majority of cases men suffers from night fall in adolescent age but very few experience it all through their life. Primary causes of frequent night falls are congested prostate gland, weak nerves and inability to control emotions. Because of these reasons when a male sees an erotic dream or get excited with a rubbing of bed sheet or anything he discharges involuntarily during sleep.
Normally nerves keeps the semen locked during normal and excited state. When the nerves get week it allows the semen to pass out easily. When the prostate gland becomes congested it results in passing out of seminal fluid easily on slight pressure or excitement. And the problem in controlling emotions causes a male to get too excited during sleep and results in night fall.
This weak nerve, congested prostate gland and poor mental health is a result of many factors, habits or practices. Factors that are responsible for night fall are too much intake of alcohol, tobacco or smoking, side effect of some medicines, some diseases like diabetes etc. If a male is involved in too much coition, masturbation or if he gets aroused few times in a day without ejaculation, the nerve gets weak. Factors responsible for poor mental health are obesity, lack of exercise, inactivity, and long sitting hours. All these things leads to frequent night fall.
Mental stress and depression are also among the common causes of night fall.
Limit the frequency of night fall:
• Start jogging or brisk walking for at least 30 minutes every day.
• Avoid watching erotic movies.
• Start doing Kegel exercise as it helps in controlling night fall.
• Practice of yoga is beneficial.
• Masturbate once in a while, it may help you.
• Relax your mind by listening to music or reading a good book before going to bed.
• Urinate just befoer going to bed.
• Avoid spicy food.
Benefit of Kegel exercise in night fall:
Kegel exercise helps in supporting and toning the pubococcygeus muscle, also knownas PC muscle. PC muscle is a band of muscle, it reaches from pubic bone to coccyx. The PC muscle in association with sphincter muscle helps in maintaining the healthy function of organs around the pelvic area. in addition to night fall kegel exercise also helps in relieving prostate pain, prostate inflammation, incontinence and premature- ejaculation.
To start the exercise fisrt locate the PC muscle. In order to do that try to stop the flow of urine midstream while urinating. The muscle you feel stretched is your PC muscle. Kegel exercise involves three actions- contracting, holding and releasing.
How to do kegel exercise? Squeeze the PC muscles, tight your urethra and anus and hold for three seconds. During this period of contration you should feel your muscle drawing upwards. Now release and relax the muscle for three seconds. Repeat this contraction and relaxation 10 times. Breathe normally while performing kegel exercise.
Home remedy for night fall:
• Drinking a cup of sage tea before bedtime is helpful.
• Having 2-3 cups of curd daily will help you.
• Take a bath before sleep.
• Consume 2-3 glasses of gooseberry juice in a day.
• Add raw onion in your salad, eating lots of onion reduces the chances of night fall.
• Pomegranate is a beneficial fruit in night fall.

Monday, 11 August 2014

Dental Care - Homeopathy

Hyperlipidemia, an excessive amount of lipids (total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides) in the blood has been associated with increased gingival bleeding .
There are lot of factors causing caries –
DON’T’S 
• Consuming  fruit-based sugary soft drinks
• Length of time taken to consume acidic drinks
• Consuming  starches: bread, crackers, cereal, pasta, fries
• Intake of long-lasting sources of sugars, such as hard candies, breath mints, and lollipops
• The level of salivation
Few measures for taking care of teeth from getting caries –
DO’S 
• Rinse well after every meal.
• Brush the teeth twice daily using correct technique and use dental floss. If proper cleaning of teeth is not done then food residues are left in between the teeth. Oral bacteria bring about certain chemical changes in this food residue producing an acid. This acid damages tooth enamel and leads to dental caries. This may not happen if proper brushing is done after each meal including breakfast.
• Calcium and Vitamin D are important in building up of teeth and bone, hence milk as a regular supplement will be a good step in dental care.
• Visit a dentist for periodic dental check-ups, at least once a year.
• Avoid hazardous habits like tobacco intake, smoking and pan chewing.
• Eating fruits such as apples, oranges, pears, and bananas
• Eating vegetables such as carrots, celery, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumber, nuts, and crisps
• Eating aged cheese or drinking milk
• Eating eggs and yogurt
• Eating of sugar-containing foods with meals rather than between meals
• Eating less sugar-containing food or carbohydrates
• Eating fruit instead of drinking unsweetened fruit juices that have sugar and that are acidic
• Drinking sugar-free tea or coffee
HOMEOPATHY 
Homeopethic remedies can effectively treat toothache, dental abscess, mouth ulcers, gum infection (gingivitis), teeth-grinding are several other dental problems.
Belladonna -for redness around the gums and throbbing pains that come and go rapidly;
Coffea for unbearableble pains that cause the person to be very restless and that are temporarily relieved by cold water or ice in the mouth;
Hepar sulph for pain that is hypersensitive to touch and to cold; and
Arnica- For pain in the teeth after a filling
Phosphorus is ideal to prevent bleeding, especially in patients who tend to be easy bleeders.

Sunday, 10 August 2014

Manage Child Ailments With Homeopathy

Vomiting of milk
Aethusa cynapium
As soon as the child drinks milk, he immediately vomits it out in curdled form. Exhaustion due to vomiting makes him drowsy. But a little later, he feels hungry again.
The mother feeds him milk again and again he vomits it out. At times constipation and diarrhoea alternate.
Calcarea carbonica
In this medicine also milk is vomited out in the form of curd.
But difference between Aethusa and Calcarea is that Aethusa child again takes milk after vomiting whereas Calcarea child doesn’t want to take milk after vomiting.
Besides , in case of Calcarea the child gets sweat on his head and his body smells pungent, which does not happen in case of Aethusa.
Diarrhoea or constipation It is common during dentition, not because of teething, but due to inclination to chew different objects from a sensation in the mouth which invites infection. At times, there may be constipation too. The following will help.
Chamomilla Peevishness Greasy, watery stools, green, with pungent smell. One cheek is red and hot, the other pale and cold. Vomiting and loose stools at teething time usually get cured with this medicine.
Calcarea carbonica Green loose stools with pungent smell. Sweat on child’s head is a specific symptom. Child is fat.
Magnesium carbonicum Body gives out a sour smell. Pain in stomach precedes loose stool, like griping. Green, watery, frothy, as the filth in a dirty pond.
Arsenicum album Undigested food in stools; as soon as child eats or drinks, he gets a loose stool. Problem aggravates at mid-night. Stools pale brown and highly putrid. Color of vomit is also pale green, like acid. Extreme thirst.
Caries of teeth
Calcarea fluorica
This is the the best medicine to cure caries of teeth affected with bacteria. If white enamel of teeth starts disappearing, give this medicine.
Staphisagria
When the the teeth turn black; start decaying immediately after eruption; pain on touching, eating and drinking.
Kreosotum
Early decay of baby teeth, they turn yellow or black and decay later; pain in affected tooth is also one of the symptoms. If the child is suffering from herpes and above symptoms are present, this medicine will give relief.
Extraction of teeth 
After tooth extraction, pour 20-30 drops of Calendula mother tincture in a cup of water and wash the mouth.
If bleeding continues pour 5 drops of Arnica mother tincture in water and wash the mouth.
Give Hypericum
200 every hour and pour 20 drops of Hamamelis mother tincture in a cup of water and wash the mouth.
Toothache 
Plantago mother tincture
It gives relief in every kind of toothache. Apply mother tincture on the affected tooth and rub it on the gums.
Mercurius solubilis
If swelling appears in the root of a decayed tooth, give this medicine. Crown of tooth gets decayed root remains normal. much saliva with thirst. Feeling as though the teeth have become along, increase of pain during the night.
Thuja occidentalis
Toothache due to decay of tooth at the root. Pain increased by tea, cold water and chewing too. Gums swollen.
Staphisagria
Teeth get black; crumble, pain when touched; cold water is not tolerable. There occurs pricking pain in the roots of the decayed teeth.
Headache 
Aconite, Belladonna, Cocculus, Calcarea Phos, Chamomilla, coffea, Hepar, Hyos, Ignatia, Merc, Nitric Acid, Nux Vom, Rhus Tox, Silicea.
Teething difficult
Calcarea, Calcarea Phos, Chamomilla, Ignatia, Kreosot, Phytolacca, Podo, Rheum, Silicea
Fever
Aconite, Antim Tart, Bryonia, Ferrum, Phos. 
Cough
Aconite, Antim Tart, Antim Ars, Ipecac, Kali Carb.
Complaints of eyes in children 
Argentum nitricum -
Great swelling of conjuctiva , swelling of eyelids , creamy discharge of pus .
Belladonna-
Eyes swollen ,protruding , conjuctiva red , shooting pain in eyes
Pulsatilla-
Thick , profuse , bland discharge , itching and burning in eyes , lids inflamed and agglutinated . Flu in children
Arsenicum album
Great prostration with extreme chilliness and a thirst for frequent sips of warm drinks. The eyes and nose stream with watery, acrid discharges. Feels irritable and anxious.
Bryonia
Flu comes on slowly.
Aching pains in all the joints are worse for the slightest motion. Painful dry cough that makes the head hurt.
Extreme thirst at infrequent intervals.
Feels intensely irritable and wants to be alone.
Eupatorium perfoliatum
The pains are so severe it feels as if the bones are broken.
The muscles ache and feel sore and bruised as well.
A bursting headache with sore, aching eyeballs.
The nose runs with much sneezing, and the chest feels
sore and raw.
Thirsty for cold water even though it brings on violent chills in the small of the back.
Ferrum phosphoricum
A fever develops, a flu is likely but the symptoms aren’t clearly developed yet .
Gelsemium
Flu comes on slowly especially when the weather changes from cold to warm.
The muscles feel weak and achy.
There’s a great feeling of heaviness everywhere—the head (which aches dully), limbs, eyelids etc.
No thirst at all.
Fever alternating with chills and shivers that run up and down the spine.
Rhus toxicodendron
Flu in cold damp weather.
Great restlessness: aching and stiffness in the joints is worse for first motion, it eases with continued motion and then they feel weak and have to rest after which they stiffen and have to move again.
Pains are better for warmth.
Feels anxious and weepy.
Recovering from the Flu
Kali phosphoricum
Weakness after the flu with depressionChina Weakness after a flu with serious fluid loss (through sweating and/or vomiting).
Pale, wan and touchy.
Gelsemium 
Weakness after the flu. The flu symptoms continue with aching and dullness.
Treating ear infections in kids
Pulsatilla 
Discharges are usually yellow or green, thick, and bland—not irritating.
They typically have little thirst or appetite, and they generally feel better in fresh, open air.
Belladonna 
We think of Belladonna for illnesses with sudden, violent onset. The child is typically hot, red, and dry.
The pupils are often dilated.
The head is often hot but the limbs are cold. They are often excited and restless.
Hepar sulphuris 
Think of Hepar sulphuris when the child is chilly, sweats
easily, and often has an accompanying hoarse, barking cough. Discharges are
typically thick and yellow, and pains are often sticking .

Thursday, 7 August 2014

Fluid Retention

Certain disease conditions which cause swelling with particular signs and symptoms need attention and diagnosis.
Edema can be classified in two types i.e. pitting and non-pitting edema. In pitting edema when pressure is applied to the swollen area it results in indentation. In non pitting edema there is no indentation.
The capillaries leak fluid into the surrounding tissue resulting in swelling. The leakage of fluid may be due to: too much pressure inside the blood vessels; a force outside the blood vessel draws the fluid outside; blood vessel’s wall lack in maintaining equilibrium.
The leakage of fluid through capillaries occurs in certain conditions such as; liver disease, kidney disease, heart failure, venous insufficiency, pregnancy, burns, hormone replacement therapy, certain medications.
Effect of kidney disease:
Kidneys control the amount of salt in body by excreting it into urine. In diseased condition the function of kidney is impaired and elimination of salt in urine is lowered. It results in accumulation of salt and water in the body causing edema.
Effect of heart disease:
A heart failure result in decreased cardiac output i.e. decreased blood is pumped out by the heart to the body. When kidneys receives less blood supply, so in order to counter the loss of fluid by the body kidneys start retaining salt and water which causes edema.
Despite of the increase in body fluid volume, arteries have less volume of blood. This result in accumulation of fluid in lungs called pulmonary edema. Excess fluid from the lungs blood vessel leaks into the alveoli and interstitial spaces that result in shortness of breath.
Fluid retention in legs also occurs due to leakage of excess fluid from leg’s capillaries into the interstitial spaces.
Effect of liver disease:
Liver cirrhosis results in increase in the pressure in the veins that caries blood from the stomach, spleen and intestine to the liver. It results in fluid leakage and retention.
Albumin is present in the blood that helps in maintaining the blood volume. In cirrhosis the damages lever fails to produce enough albumin that is also one of the major factor in causing fluid retention.
Pitting peripheral edema also occurs because of cirrhosis of liver.
Effect of venous insufficiency:
Backward flow of blood in the veins of legs is prevented by the valves present in the veins. Dysfunction of valves or dilatation of veins occurs in venous insufficiency that results in increase in pressure in veins and backward flow of blood resulting in edema of legs and feet.
Effect of pregnancy:
Mild swelling during pregnancy is a normal physiological process. Growing fetus exerts pressure on the pelvic veins and vena cava; hence return of blood to heart slows down resulting in its pooling and fluid is forced into the tissues of ankle and feet. After child birth swelling disappears.
But if there is swelling in the face or around the eyes or more swelling in one leg as compared to other it needs a serious medical attention. It could be a sign of pre-eclampsia.
Role of homoeopathy:
Treatment aims at eliminating the underlying cause of fluid retention and protecting the swollen areas of body from pressure and injury. Homoeopathy improves the blood flow through veins.
Homoeopathic remedies are safe and have overall effect on health. There is wide range of homoeopathic remedies to treat edema depending on the underlying cause and generalities of the patient. Few of them are: apis, arsenic, ferrum met, natrum mur, puls, digitalis, lachesis, etc.
Apis:
swelling or puffiness of various parts, red rosy hue, stinging pains, soreness, intolerance to heat and slightest touch are characteristic symptoms
Arsenic:
prevailing debility, exhaustion and restlessness with nocturnal aggravation are characteristic symptoms. Patient has unquenchable thirst. Burning pain relieved by heat.
Natrum mur:
prolonged intake of excessive salt causes profound nutritive changes resulting in fluid retention. Patient is very irritable; consolation aggravates the symptoms.
Besides homoeopathic treatment self management is necessary:
• Minimize salt intake in diet.
• Eat lot of fruits and vegetables as it improves blood circulation.
• Banana, cabbage and cranberry juice helps in water clearance.
• Regular exercise strengthens the muscles and blood vessels and improves circulation.
• In case of peripheral edema, try to raise the legs while resting by keeping the pillow below legs.
• Avoid prolonged sitting or standing.

Tuesday, 5 August 2014

2-hydroxy Vitamin D /Calcidiol/ 25-OH Vitamin D Test

Vitamin D( Sunshine vitamin )  is an essential vitamin .Deficiency can leads to rickets.Rickets causes bone softening and poor mineralization of bones resulting in skeltal deformities . Inadequate or low levels of vitamin D leads to weakened immune system , vitamin D is essential for strong bones . vitamin D plays an important role in regulating calcium and phosphate levels in the body promoting healthy bones .

Procedure –

Blood sample is taken

Normal Results

Vitamin D is mainly measurd by 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test .
Values in healthy people -20 nanograms/milliliter to 50 ng/mL

Vitamin D deficiency – value less than 12ng/mL

Vitamin D regualtes the blood levels of calcium , phosphorus by absorption in the intestines and reabsorption in kidneys .Vitamin D is one of great immune regualtor.
 
Uses  of vitamin D

Vitamin D has great role in preventing and treating -
• High blood pressure( hypertension )
• Type 1 and 2 diabetes
• Glucose intolerance
• Multiple sclerosis
 
Low levels of vitamin D leading to following symptoms –

• People with low vitamin D are at a higher risk of cancer , diabetes , osteoporosis and cardiovascular disorders .Vitamin D defeciency can also be present in infants .
• Chronic muscle , bone pains
• Fatigue , depression and mood swings
• Peridontal disease
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Rheumatoid arthritis
• Low levels of vitamin D are also major cause of seasonal depression

Why does vitamin D defeciency occurs –


• In people who are obese
• In people having weak digestive tract suffering from diseases like –crohn’s disease, cystic fibrosis ,celiac disease
• Inability of kidney  to convert vitamin D into active form
• People with dark skin
• Lack of sunlight exposure
• Lack of vitamin D in diet
• Liver and kidney disorders
• Lack of food absorption
• Medications
• People following strict vegetarian diet

Foods rich in Vitamin D –


Treatment of defeciency of vitamin D is mainly through diet and supplements
Fish , eggs , cod liver oil , Tofu and soy milk , Oysters

Monday, 4 August 2014

Malnutrition - Inadequate Nutrition

Malnutrition is one of nutritional disorder majorly in developing countries in which there is lack of adequate nutrition. Malnutrition increases the risk of infectious disease and weakens the immune system Malnutrition is defined by either inadequate or excess intake of nutrients such as proteins , and vitamins .In this diet is rich in calories and defecient in vitamins and minerals .

 Causes- • Lack of proper diet
• Mental health problems –depression , anorexia nervosa , bulimia
 • Digestive disorders –ulcerative colitis , celiac disease , people with regualr diarrhoea nd vomitting . • Alcholism
• In developing nations –shortage of food
 • Lack of breast feeding Malnutrition affects people of all ages .People who are at a higher risk of developing disease –Elderly , socially isolated people , people with chronic eating dsiorders  

A malnurioshed pateint shows significant signs of
• Dryness of eyes
• Angular stomatitis , cheilitis , parotid enlargement , spongy bleeding gums
 • Dull, brittle hair and alopecia
 • Loose wrinkled skin
• Wasting of muscles
 • Impaired memory , development delay
 • Depression • Weight loss
 • Problems in fertility
 • Irritability
 • Long time for healing
• Lowering of body temperature
 • Inability to concenterate According to some reports malnutrition is more prevelant in female children than male children . Physically malnurioshed children appear to be thin, with swollen hands  and feet , these malnurioshed childtren are more prone to infectious diseases . Measels is one of major cause of malnutrition in kids . Inadequate  food intake ,infections , psychosocial factors, environment and genetic factors all conribute to malnutrition .

 Malnutrition in women – Women have more nutritional requirements than men .Early marriage , childbearing women , frequent pregnancies  with short interval and breast feeding women all these factors pose a nutritional burden on women .Women needs major minerals and vitamins in  more quantity as- iron, iodine , calcium, folic acid , vitamin A , vitamin C , vitamin K. Good hygiene , proper sanitation and hygiene palys good role in preventing malnutrition . In all these cases nutritional assessements is important .Apart from this measuring BMI ( Body mass Index) weight in kilograms over height in metres squared – Weight/height (in m)2) and mid arm circumference. Malnutrition increases the risk of early death . Malnutrition includes marasmus and cretinism . Inadequate food intake, infections, psychosocial deprivation, the environment, and perhaps genetics contribute  

Management
• Improved water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
 • Educating people for healthy diet.
 • Maintaining right balance of – carbohydrates , fruits and vegetables , proteins and fats

Sunday, 3 August 2014

Itchy Scalp - Lice

These are the small wingless parasites who feed on human blood. They are commonly found in scalp and can inhibit the other hairy regions of the body such as pubic region etc. This is the most common problem of childhood.
Causes:
• Poor hygiene especially regarding skin an hair.
• Overcrowding
• Lice spread by direct contact with clothing or combs, brushes of infected people.
Symptoms:
• Itching of the scalp
• Intense itching which causes redness and rawness of skin.
• Enlarged neck lymph nodes.
Do’s & Don’ts:
• Maintain proper hygiene.
• Bath daily.
• Take head bath twice a week using a mild shampoo.
• Do not scratch with long nails. Do not exchange cloths /hair brush or comb with infected person.
• Wash clothes regularly.
Homeopathic remedies:
Allium cepa:
• Itching and redness of skin.
• worse in warm room and towards evening
• Amelioration in open air.
Nux Vomica:
• Patient with poisoning symptoms, lethargy, pallor, dark circles under the eyes, loss of appetite, nausea, and weakness.
• Skin red and blotchy.
Ledum Palustre:
• Itching worse from scratching and warmth of bed.
• All complaints ameliorate from cold.