Thursday, 31 July 2014

Understanding Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective disorder belongs to the category of mental disorders affecting emotions and cognition .The symptoms of schizoaffective disorder vary from person to person. Symptoms begin in early adulthood between age group-16 to 30 years of age.

Schizoaffective disorder is a life long illness affecting all daily living areas as work/school/social contact and near relationships.

Schizoaffective disorder affects the thinking and moods.

Schizoaffective disorder person shows severe changes in mood, psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia (as hallucinations, delusions and disorganized thinking).

Schizoaffective disorder includes symptoms of schizophrenia, depression symptoms and manic symptoms.
There exists no laboratory test for diagnosing schizoaffective disorder, only patient’s experiences and complete history and behavior are helpful. Genetic history of patient, development background is also taken.
Some of evidences regarding its cause exist such as – imbalance in brain chemicals serotonin and dopamine which regulate moods. Other contributory factors are genetic, early environmental and social processes.
Schizoaffective disorder may be passed from parents to children.

Schizoaffective disorder person exhibits following symptoms –
• Delusions, hallucinations –fixed beliefs
• Strange thoughts
• Irritable behavior
• Suicidal tendency
• Energy changes
• Disturbance in sleep
• Difficulty in concentration
• Loss of appetite
Schizoaffective disorder treatment involves medications and therapies.
Schizoaffective disorders are usually confused with depression and Bipolar disorders.

What is depression?
A depression patient shows significant symptoms of –
• Poor appetite
• Loss of weight
• Excess restlessness,
• Blaming self
• Suicidal tendency
• Lack of energy
• Sleep disturbed.
• Loss of interest

What is Mania?
Depression alternates with mania .Mania makes feels very excited and talkative jumping with thoughts, ideas and plans.
• With self destructive behavior
• Rapid thoughts and talking

What is schizophrenia?
A schizophrenic person has delusions (strange beliefs not based in reality), lack of emotions, difficulty in speech and communication and hallucinations (hearing voices) apart from this a schizophrenic person has –
Trouble in concentrating and sleeping
Schizophrenia is defined into three types with symtoms –
Paranoid schizophrenia has symptoms -
• Anxiety
• Anger
• False beliefs that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones
Disorganized schizophrenia has symptoms –
• Childlike behavior
• Problems thinking and explaining your ideas clearly
• less emotion
Catatonic schizophrenia has symptoms –
• Lack of activity
• Rigid muscles and posture
• Not responding much to other people
Schizoaffective disorder is a combination of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. But schizophrenia does not include mania/depression.

Homeopathic management
Homeopathy stimulates the body to heal itself .Homeopathic medicines helps in improving the complete health of patient.
Along with homeopathic medicines psychological counseling can benefit the patient.

Hyoscyamus niger
• It disturbs the nervous system profoundly.
• Perfect picture of mania in quarrelsome way
• Weakness and nervous agitation
• Immodesty in actions, gestures and expressions

Hypericum –
• Insomnia, depression and anxiety
• Helps in controlling mood and sleep and depressive symptoms
• Effects of shock