Thursday, 31 July 2014

Understanding Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective disorder belongs to the category of mental disorders affecting emotions and cognition .The symptoms of schizoaffective disorder vary from person to person. Symptoms begin in early adulthood between age group-16 to 30 years of age.

Schizoaffective disorder is a life long illness affecting all daily living areas as work/school/social contact and near relationships.

Schizoaffective disorder affects the thinking and moods.

Schizoaffective disorder person shows severe changes in mood, psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia (as hallucinations, delusions and disorganized thinking).

Schizoaffective disorder includes symptoms of schizophrenia, depression symptoms and manic symptoms.
There exists no laboratory test for diagnosing schizoaffective disorder, only patient’s experiences and complete history and behavior are helpful. Genetic history of patient, development background is also taken.
Some of evidences regarding its cause exist such as – imbalance in brain chemicals serotonin and dopamine which regulate moods. Other contributory factors are genetic, early environmental and social processes.
Schizoaffective disorder may be passed from parents to children.

Schizoaffective disorder person exhibits following symptoms –
• Delusions, hallucinations –fixed beliefs
• Strange thoughts
• Irritable behavior
• Suicidal tendency
• Energy changes
• Disturbance in sleep
• Difficulty in concentration
• Loss of appetite
Schizoaffective disorder treatment involves medications and therapies.
Schizoaffective disorders are usually confused with depression and Bipolar disorders.

What is depression?
A depression patient shows significant symptoms of –
• Poor appetite
• Loss of weight
• Excess restlessness,
• Blaming self
• Suicidal tendency
• Lack of energy
• Sleep disturbed.
• Loss of interest

What is Mania?
Depression alternates with mania .Mania makes feels very excited and talkative jumping with thoughts, ideas and plans.
• With self destructive behavior
• Rapid thoughts and talking

What is schizophrenia?
A schizophrenic person has delusions (strange beliefs not based in reality), lack of emotions, difficulty in speech and communication and hallucinations (hearing voices) apart from this a schizophrenic person has –
Trouble in concentrating and sleeping
Schizophrenia is defined into three types with symtoms –
Paranoid schizophrenia has symptoms -
• Anxiety
• Anger
• False beliefs that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones
Disorganized schizophrenia has symptoms –
• Childlike behavior
• Problems thinking and explaining your ideas clearly
• less emotion
Catatonic schizophrenia has symptoms –
• Lack of activity
• Rigid muscles and posture
• Not responding much to other people
Schizoaffective disorder is a combination of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. But schizophrenia does not include mania/depression.

Homeopathic management
Homeopathy stimulates the body to heal itself .Homeopathic medicines helps in improving the complete health of patient.
Along with homeopathic medicines psychological counseling can benefit the patient.

Hyoscyamus niger
• It disturbs the nervous system profoundly.
• Perfect picture of mania in quarrelsome way
• Weakness and nervous agitation
• Immodesty in actions, gestures and expressions

Hypericum –
• Insomnia, depression and anxiety
• Helps in controlling mood and sleep and depressive symptoms
• Effects of shock

Tuesday, 29 July 2014

Diet Helpful in Crohn Disease

Crohn disease is an inflammatory bowel disease. It causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract which can leads to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea and even malnutrition. The inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue.
Symptoms – Diarrhea, Abdominal pain and cramping, blood in the stool, ulcers, reduced appetite and weight loss , fever , arthritis, mouth sores , inflammation of the liver, delayed growth or sexual development.
Food useful in Crohn’s disease
Almond milk –People with Crohn’s disease are lactose intolerant .Almond milk has vitamin D and E but contains no cholesterol or saturated fat.
Eggs – Eggs in any form scrambled, hard boiled, and soft cooked is very useful in the crohn disease.
Oat meal – Oat meal is a soluble fiber which absorbs water and passes more slowly through your digestive tract. This is one of the good choices in crohn disease.
Vegetable soup –Vegetable soup of pumpkin, carrots are healthy for crohn’s disease. It contains the valuable nutrient of vegetables.
Salmon fish – Fish is extremely beneficial and high in omega -3s like salmon. Lean protein like seafood is the best option. 25% of the calories you eat should come from protein which is a key to healing.
Papaya – Mango and papaya are super high in nutrients and easy to digest. Papaya contains an enzyme papain which helps your body to digest proteins. It is rich in vitamin C, A, folate and potassium.
Poultry – Chicken and turkey are protein –rich and lean. They are mild and easy to digest, and is a protein source for anyone with IBD.
Avocado – It is soft, smooth and full of good fats , vitamin B ,vitamin E , potassium .They are also one of the only fruits which contain digestion –friendly soluble fiber along with the insoluble type.
Roasted red peppers – Brilliant and super tasty, roasted pepper with skin removed are delicious, nutritious for crohn’s disease.
Rice – The person who is suffering from stomach woes, white rice and other carbohydrates are easy on the gut. They provide the calories to the body.
Yogurt – Calcium needs are higher in patients with Crohn’s disease and yogurt is the best source of the calcium. Take low fat yogurt.
Nut butter – Smooth nut butters – peanut, almond, cashew and soy nut butter are good sources of protein and calories. They also provide fiber vitamin E and niacin .Nut butter are incredibly versatile, non perishable and a terrific concentrated sources of calories.
Sweet potato – Sweet potatoes are excellent source of beta –carotene.
Calcium and vitamin D – Cow’s milk is naturally rich in calcium and fortified with vitamin D .People with Crohn’s are increased risk of low bone density because malabsorption ,decreased appetite can increase bone loss and disrupt the stability of healthy bones.
Vitamin C – Vitamin C act as potent antioxidant to fight the inflammatory process. Vitamin C helps to increase the absorption of iron

Monday, 28 July 2014

Developing Healthy Childhood Eating Habits

Healthy eating help to stabilize children’s energy and sharpen their mind and even keep their moods stable. Due to peer pressure and increasing TV commercials for junk food can make getting kids impossible to eat healthy diet. There are few steps parents can take to instill healthy eating habits without turning times of meal into a battle zone. By encouraging healthy eating habits now, you can make huge impact on your children’s lifelong relationship with food and give them the best opportunity to grow into healthy, confident adults.

Developing healthy eating habits

The most important point is, that we know very well about children is that the children impulse to imitate is strong. So it is very necessary for you to act as a role model for your kids. It’s no good asking your child to eat fruit and vegetables while you gorge on potato chips and soda.
Here are few tips which help you to promote healthy childhood eating
 
• Cook more meals at home: Home cooked meals are healthier for whole family than restaurant meals and also sets a great example for kids about the importance of home cooked food. Restaurant meals tend to have more fat, sugar and salt.
   
• Involving kids in shopping of kitchen items: Children enjoy in helping elders for shopping of groceries, selecting what goes there in their lunch box and preparing dinner. In this process there is a chance for you to teach them about the nutrition value of different foods and how to read food labels.
  
• Keep empty calorie snacks away from the reach of kids: if you keep plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grain snacks and healthy beverages ( water, milk, pure fruit juice) and easily accessible so kids become used to reaching for healthy snacks like soda, chips or cookies.
 
• Limit portion sizes: Don’t insist your child cleans the plate. And never use food as a reward or bribe.
    
• Have regular family meals: breakfast and dinner are good times for family meal. It is found that kids who eat breakfast tend to do better in schools.
    
Persuading children to eat more fruit and vegetables

Making mealtimes playful can mean healthier eating for your kids. Here are some fun, creative ways to add more fruit and vegetables to your child’s diet:
• Top a bowl of whole grain cereal with a smiley face: banana slices for eyes, raisins for nose, peach or apple slice for mouth.
• Create a food collage. Use broccoli florets for trees, carrots and celery for flowers, cauliflower for clouds, and a yellow squash for a sun. Then eat your masterpiece!
• Make frozen fruit kabobs for kids using pineapple chunks, bananas, grapes, and berries.
•Go foods shopping with your children. Let them see all the different fruits and vegetables and have them pick out new ones to try.
• Try fruit smoothies for a quick healthy breakfast or afternoon snack.
• Add vegetables and fruits to baked goods – blueberry pancakes, zucchini bread, carrot muffins.
• Add extra veggies to soups, stews, and sauces, grated or shredded to make them blend in.
• Keep lots of fresh fruit and veggies washed and available as snacks. Apples, pears, bananas, grapes, figs, carrot and celery sticks are all easy to eat on the run. Add yogurt, nut butter, or tahini for extra protein.

Tuesday, 22 July 2014

Benefits of Garlic

Garlic is well known as a natural health remedy that has been used to treat various ailments. It is easily included in your food or can be eaten on its own. It is added in every cooked dish. It has amazing abilities to help in our everyday lives. When used for medicinal purposes, garlic can help to treat a wide variety of ailments.
Benefits of Garlic
• Garlic strengthens the immune system as well as help to fight chest infection, cough and congestion. In winters it is a great food to boost your immune system.
• Garlic contains good level of vitamin C which helps in treating the scurvy.
• It contains high level of iodine which is helpful in the treatment for hyperthyroid disease.
• Garlic is a great source of Vitamin B6 which is useful for a healthy immune system and the efficient growth of new cells.
• Garlic can aid in the prevention of multiple types of cancer. Bladder cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and stomach cancer reduced when treated with garlic. Vitamin B6 has cancer fighting abilities.
• Garlic has been found to assist babies to gain weight while they are in the womb.
• Cardiovascular disease can be reduced by taking garlic. The aortic plaque (fat deposition) deposit on the walls of veins can be reduced with the use of garlic.
• Any fungal and bacterial infection can be treated with garlic because it releases Allicin which is a sulphuric compound act as a natural antibiotic.
• Garlic increases insulin release and regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics.
• Garlic is very helpful in hair fall problems because it contain allicin which is found to effectively treat hair loss.
• It is a natural remedy to banish blemishes on face. Its antioxidant kills bacteria so rub a clove of garlic on the pimples and clear acne from the face.
• Garlic has anti –inflammatory properties which is useful in relieving the psoriasis outbreaks. Rubbing little garlic oil on the affected area for smooth, rash –free skin.
• It helps in controlling the weight. So cook your food daily with garlic.
• Garlic is helpful to get rid of itchy athlete‘s foot. Soak your feet in a bath of warm water and add crushed garlic into it.
• It is helpful in keeping away mosquitoes. You can make a solution of garlic oil, petroleum jelly and beeswax for a natural repellant or place cloves of garlic.
• Use crushed garlic directly on the affected tooth which helps in relieving toothaches due to its anti-bacterial and analgesic properties.
• It improve the iron metabolism .Ferroportin is a protein which helps in iron absorption .Diallyl sulphides in garlic increase production of ferroportin and improve iron metabolism.
• It is useful in the treatment of corns on the feet and warts on the hands.
•  It reduces the frequency and number of colds .Its anti-bacterial properties help in treating throat infections. It reduces the severity of upper respiratory tract infections. Its benefits in disorders of the lungs like asthma, difficulty of breathing etc.
• It has ability to lower blood triglycerides and total cholesterol.
•  Garlic having the anti –clotting properties which help in preventing the formation of blood clots in the body.
• Garlic is useful in treating an enlarged prostrate (BPH), osteoarthritis, hay fever (allergic rhinitis), high blood pressure late in pregnancy (pre –eclampsia), traveler’s diarrhea, gout, fever, headache, hemorrhoids, bronchitis.
• It is used for fighting stress and fatigue and maintaining healthy liver function

Thursday, 17 July 2014

Acne And Teens

If you are tired of eating heavy doses of medications, used all types of face masks, anti acne packs, all types of home remedies but still occurrence of acne is present we are here to help you out.
Teenage is the best period of one’s life, excitement, confidence, will power, courageous, enjoyable and many more adjectives to add. The most important part of teenage is appearance of a person. Appearance not only includes your clothing, your stature but also the skin you have.
One can provide maximum care to his/her skin at this period of life. Major number of teens faces many skin problems at this stage the major one is acne and their scars.
Acne occurrence and aggravation is at peak at this stage.
There are many causes for occurrence of acne out of all some are as given below.
Sebaceous glands attached to hair follicles gets stimulated by hormones at the time of puberty.
Sebum is a natural oil substance that lubricates and protects the skin. Increased sebum production clogs the skin pores. Clogged pores enlarge to produce bump that are in form of acne.
In some cases following factors may contribute in causing acne:
• Pressure on the skin.
• Some medications.
• Exposure to industrial irritants.
• Some cosmetics.
• Hormonal imbalance
• Irregular menses
• Imbalanced diet
• Intake of fatty food
• Skin infections
Common ways to manage and reduce the occurrence of acne are as under
• Proper cleansing and skin care.
• Use water based oil-free make-up products.
• Consume high protein diet.
• Avoid fried food and alcohol.
• Increase water intake.
• Eat fruits rich in anti-oxidants.
• Food rich in fiber content should be consumed.
Advice
Along with this management we have very good homoeopathic remedies which help you not only in reducing skin acne but also help to control recurrence of acne and along with that help to maintain your normal skin tone and scar free face. Homoeopathic treatment is best to take, as it is easy to take and with no side effects.
Some homoeopathic remedies which help to treat acne are as follows
Kali bromatum, Antimonium crudum, Sulphur, Asteria rubens, Psorinum and many more.
The exact dosage and selection of medicine is done after taking the case and depending upon the cause of acne. One hand homoeopathic medicines give the excellent results if taken under the guidance and consultation of doctor. But if self medication is done it can worsen the case also.

Wednesday, 16 July 2014

Colic In Babies

Understanding a new born baby is a challenging task. Parents put their best efforts to fulfill the baby’s needs. Crying is a natural way for a baby to let you know his or her needs. But uncontrollable crying in a healthy baby when nothing soothes him or her is a stressful situation. If the baby is crying for more than three hours and nothing gives relief it is important to be evaluated by a doctor so that other serious conditions can be excluded. At that time, only purpose of parents is to give relief to the baby as soon as possible. In an attempt to give relief, mothers start feeding baby but it further worsens the condition. Babies whose mothers smoke during pregnancy or after delivery are at higher risk of having colic.
drthind_colic in babies
This article will provide you knowledge to understand colic in babies and how you can provide relief to your baby. Colic is episodic and self –limited and begins at 2 to 3 weeks of age. At the 2 months of age the episodes of colic reaches its peak, starts subsiding by 3 months and gone by 4 months of age.
It is very difficult to understand the little babies. It is natural for the parents to get frustrated during this episode. Don’t feel guilt about it but try to calm your little one and if nothing is helping, take a break, give your baby to the other responsible person and go out for a walk in fresh air. Looking for a baby is a tiresome task and when the baby is colicky it is the tough situation for both baby and parents.
Before starting treating your baby for colic make sure that there is no other cause of crying. Have a thorough check-up by a pediatrician so that he can rule out other conditions. Other possible medical reasons for fussiness are:
• Ear or urinary infection.
• Gastro esophageal reflux.
• Problem in eye.
• Hernia.
• Bone fracture.
• Heart problems.
There are many questions in the mind of parents when they see their little one in pain. It is hard to understand for them that why baby is crying, so let’s first discuss the signs of colic that will help you to understand your little one. Baby starts crying suddenly after feeding. The abdomen becomes distended, hands clenched and feet cold. The baby alternately extends and pulls up legs while crying and passes gas. The episode starts typically in late afternoon or in evening. Colic in babies is very common. One in four babies has colic.
Exact cause of colic is not known. There may be intolerance to cow’s milk. Flowing back of milk or acid into the esophagus cause colic. Intestinal spasm occurs due to immature digestive system and this could cause colic. Mothers may think there is something wrong with their diet that is problematic to baby. Avoid dairy products for few days and see if it is helping your baby.
Common foods that can affect breast milk and result in formation of gas in baby are:
• Onions, garlic, cabbage, broccoli, turnip and beans.
• Cow’s milk.
• Caffeine
Keep a record of what you are eating and see how your baby reacts after breast feeding. Avoid eating that particular food if you observe baby is crying after breast feeding when you have that food. Gas formation in baby’s tummy is very common occurrence. While crying for extended period of time or sucking baby swallows air.
Calm your crying baby by giving comfort. Few tips that could help to some extent to calm your baby are:
• Rub baby’s back in downward direction.
• Swaddle the baby. The world is new for the new born baby and baby is still learning to adjust to the new environment. Swaddling will give the feeling of being in womb which gives a soothing effect and relief to the baby.
• Some babies love noises while others need a quiet place. Act accordingly. Play music if baby feels comfort.
• Baby swallows air, so always burp your baby after feeding.
• Ask your doctor to recommend probiotic for your baby.
• Use warm water bottle. Some babies enjoy feeling of warmth against their belly. But be cautious while doing it as it may harm your little one. Take lukewarm water in a bottle and wrap the bottle in a towel.
• Try to give different atmosphere to her. Take your baby out in open air. New sights, sounds may distract her.
• Try different positions of carrying your baby and see which one your baby finds comfortable.
• Give a bath to baby. It may distract and relax her.
• Natural instinct of babies is to suck. It gives a soothing experience to them. In order to distract and give a soothing effect, offer a pacifier to a baby.
Homoeopathic remedies are the best and safest choice for treating colic in babies. Homoeopathic remedy not only helps in giving relief to babies in colic but also helps in strengthening week digestive system. Homoeopathic medicines are made from natural substances hence medicines encourage baby’s development naturally.
Chamomilla 30:Baby is intensely irritable. Baby wants to be carried around and like something warm being placed on their tummy. Tummy of baby is distended.
Colocynthis 30: Baby is relieved on putting pressure on stomach.
Nux Vomica 30: Abdomen appears tight. There is a spasm of pain with constipation.
Natrum Phos 3X: This medicine helps in neutralizing acids and digestion.
Magnesium Phos 3X: This medicine is among one of the best remedies for giving relief in cramps. This medicine best results when given in warm water.
Aethusia 30: This medicine is best indicated in infants who cannot tolerate breastmilk.
Lycopodium 30: Symptoms aggravate between 4-8pm and sometimes 2 a.m. baby has bloated abdomen with gurgling sound and flatulence. Baby feels better lying on the right side.
Silicea 30: Babies cannot tolerate breast-milk and vomit up as curds after feeding. Silicea is given to the breastfeeding mother (rather than the baby).
Bryonia 30: Given in acute attacks of pain which gets worse with the slightest motion. Baby is thirsty. Baby will draw legs up and burp. The tongue may be coated dirty white or brown in centre.
Homeopathic medicines are safe to prescribe. Small babies react well to homoeopathic medicines. Homoeopathic medicines are made from natural substances that help in boosting the natural healing power of body. When any disease affects our body, natural healing power or immunity gets weak. Homoeopathic remedy helps in gaining the strength of healing power so that body can fight existing disease in a natural way and can get back to healthy state both physically and mentally.
Unlike other allopathic medicines, homoeopathic medicines are non-addictive and have no side effects. Homeopathy is safe to use for babies, children, pregnant and breast feeding women. Babies are unique in their own way, only parents can understand with what they feel comfortable and which things distress them. They should tell their doctor about their activities to doctor in detail that will help the doctor to prescribe the homoeopathic medicines accurately.

Tuesday, 15 July 2014

How To Relieve Discomfort From Sinusitis At Home

Cavities around nose are called sinus. Sinus is a hollow air filled cavity. Four pair of these cavities is found in the skull:
• Frontal sinus (in forehead)
• Maxillary sinus (behind cheeks)
• Ethmoid sinus (between eyes)
Cavities around nose are called sinus. Sinus is a hollow air filled cavity. Four pair of these cavities is found in the skull:
• Frontal sinus (in forehead)
• Maxillary sinus (behind cheeks)
• Ethmoid sinus (between eyes)
• Sphenoid sinus (behind ethmoids, placed deeply)
drthind_sinusitis
Pathogenic micro-organisms such as virus, bacteria or fungus cause infection in sinus cavities. Most common type of infection is viral infection. Fungus or bacteria rarely causes an infection. Sinus infection is also caused by deviated nasal septum, allergy, tooth infection or nasal polyp.
Sinus infection is not contagious. If your sinus infection lasts for a short period of time then it is an acute infection. But if your sinus infection lasts for more than 8 weeks, or it reoccur continuously then it is chronic infection.
Symptoms of Sinusitis:
• Pain: pain is the most unpleasant and common symptom of sinusitis. Infection in the sinus causes inflammation which results in pain with dull pressure. Patient may experience pain in forehead, between eyes, either sides of nose, in upper jaws and teeth.
• Nasal discharge: There is greenish yellow discharge from nose. Patient often needs to blow nose. Discharge may often flow back to throat; this is called post nasal drip. Patient feels tickle at the back of the throat.
• Congestion: Infection causes inflammation of sinus and nasal passage causing congestion that result in restriction of easy breathing. Due to congestion patient experiences reduced sense of smell and taste.
• Headache: Swelling and pressure in the sinus causes headache. Patient may experience pain in the ear, tooth, jaws and cheeks. Headache due to sinus is worst in the morning because fluid have collecting all night long. Headache may get worse by sudden change in environment.
• Cough: Sinus infection results in nasal discharge. When discharge from sinus drains down at back of throat over a long period of time, it causes irritation and results in persistent and annoying cough. Cough due to infection becomes worse at night. Sitting upright reduces the intensity and frequency of coughing.
• Sore throat: Irritation in throat starts with a tickle because of dropping of discharge back in the throat and it gets worse with time. If dropping of discharge remains for a long period of time, it irritates and inflames the throat and results in painful sore throat.
Home remedies:
Here is a list of few things you can do to relieve your discomfort. If you are prone to recurrent sinusitis, following things will also help you to prevent it.
• Apply warmth: Put warm wet towel on face. It will help in relieving pressure.
• Steam: Breathe in steam vapors. It will help in reducing congestion and inflammation of sinus.
• Humidify: Use humidifier in room and clean it regularly.
• Nasal saline solution: It helps in keeping nasal passage moist.
• Fluid: Drinking lot of fluid helps in thinning the mucus and reducing the blockage in sinuses.
• Avoid alcohol: Alcohol worsens the swelling.
• Rest: Get plenty of sleep and let your body recover on its own.
• Avoid certain medicines: Frequent use of painkillers and decongestants makes the symptoms worse.
• Avoid irritants: irritants such as cigarette smoke, cleaning products aggravate your sinusitis.
• Ventilation: ensure good ventilation in your house.

Sunday, 13 July 2014

Type of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Psoriasis is a non-contagious disease. Characteristic look of psoriasis is red patches on skin that is accompanied by silvery-white scales of dead skin cells. Psoriasis vary in appearance, it often appears as small, flat, scaly bump or large thick plaque of raised skin.

There are different types of psoriasis:

1. PLAQUE PSORIASIS:
plaque psoriasis
Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis presents itself as raised, inflamed, red skin covered by silvery white scales. Patient may experience itching or burning sensation. Plaque psoriasis can appear in any part of body but it commonly appears on elbow, knees, scalp or lower back.
Certain gene mutations and environmental factors play a role in the development of the disease. Once the mutated genes are inherited some kind of environmental factor is necessary for the development of plaque psoriasis.

Plaque psoriasis affects the finger and toe nails that resemble fungal infection. Appearance of individual lesion and its distribution helps in confirming the diagnosis.
Avoid picking and rubbing off the scales.
Types of chronic plaque psoriasis:
  • Large plaque psoriasis: plaques are red, thick, well demarcated with silver scales. Its onset is early before the age of 40 years.
  • Small plaque psoriasis: characteristic appearance of small plaque psoriasis is presence of various lesions of few millimetres to few centimetres in diameter.
2. GUTTATE PSORIASIS:



Word Guttate is derived from Latin word gutta; that means drop. Guttate psoriasis presents itself as small pink drops on skin. These drop like lesions are covered with fine scales. Eruptions start appearing on trunk, arms or legs and may spread to ears, face or scalp. Bottom of feet and palms are usually not affected. scratching and vigorous rubbing should be avoided.

Guttate psoriasis is triggered by streptococcal bacterial infection. Skin lesions appear usually within two to three weeks of strep throat. Other than streptococcal bacterial infection, chicken pox or colds can also trigger guttate psoriasis.

Guttate psoriasis is common in children and adults below 30 years of age. Both genders are equally affected. Triggering factors of guttate psoriasis include the following:

• Streptococcal infection in the form of tonsillo-pharyngitis. Exact mechanism by which this infection triggers the guttate lesions is not known.
• Viral infection such as rubella, chickenpox and roseola.

Diagnosis of Guttate psoriasis is done by looking at the characteristic appearance of the skin. Blood test may confirm the recent history of streptococcal infection. In more than half of the patients there is increased level of antibodies to streptolysin-O are present.

3. INVERSE PSORIASIS:
inverse psoriasis

Inverse psoriasis looks like bright-red smooth shiny lesions. Inverse psoriasis commonly appears in folds of skin like armpits, groin, under the breast, abdominal folds or skin folds around genitals or buttocks. As inverse psoriasis is present in skin folds it may worsen from sweating and rubbing.
Fungal infection triggers the lesions of psoriasis.

4. PUSTULAR PSORIASIS:

pustular psoriasis
Pustular psoriasis, as the name indicates, it appears as pus filled bumps surrounded by red skin. Redness of skin appears first and then formation of scales followed by formation of pus filled bumps. When pustular psoriasis covers most of the body it is called generalized pustular psoriasis which needs immediate medical attention. Generalized pustular psoriasis causes fever, chill, nausea, weakness in muscle and fast heart rate.
Pustular psoriasis is triggered by steroids, exposure to certain chemicals, overexposure to sun rays, sudden withdrawal of strong topical steroids, pregnancy, infection or stress.

Causes of pustular psoriasis: taking systemic steroids or medications, infections, pregnancy or hypoglycemia.

Depending on the symptoms lesions may be acute, subacute and chronic. This is an uncommon form of psoriasis. Tongue may get affected which makes it difficult to swallow. If nails are affected it comes off the nail bed. In a day the pustules fuse together to make large area of pus that becomes dry and peel off in sheets. Underneath skin is smooth and reddish. This phase occurs for days to weeks. Pustular psoriasis of palms and soles are chronic that may be associated with bone or joint inflammation.

Other symptoms disappears with the improvement of pustules. In few people the skin remains right red and symptoms of psoriasis may continue.

Factors that have triggering effects on psoriasis should be avoided such as smoking, exposure to sun, stress, alcohol.
Pustular psoriasis have some complications such as nail loss, hair loss, bacterial skin infections, hypocalcemia, liver and kidney damage.

5. NAIL PSORIASIS:

nail psoriasis
Appearance of fungal infection is common in patient with nail psoriasis. Keep the nails dry and protect the nail from damage.
The cause of development of nail psoriasis is exactly known.
Characteristic appearance of nail psoriasis is:
• Color of nail changes from yellowish-red that resembles drop of blood or oil under the nail.
• Development of pits in the nail due to loss of cell from surface of nail.
• Development of Beau lines of nail, i.e. side to side line across to nail.
• Presence of areas of white on nail plate. This is known as leukonychia or midmatrix disease.
• Nail start getting separated from skin.
• Nail starts crumbling because of unhealthy underlying structures.
• Pale arched area at the bottom of the nail becomes red.
• With nail changes arthritis of finger develops.

6. ERYTHRODERMIC PSORIASIS:

ErythrodermicPsoriasis
A large area of body is affected in erythrodermic psoriasis. A widespread area of fiery red skin appears in erythrodermic psoriasis in addition with:
• Severe itching.
• Burning or peeling.
• Change in body temperature.
• Increase in heart rate.
Erythrodermic psoriasis may trigger from sudden withdrawal of psoriasis treatment, allergic drug reaction, infection or sunburn.

Friday, 11 July 2014

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment in Homeopathy

Normally our immune system is made of complex organization of cells and antibodies that destroy invaders of the body, mainly infections. In autoimmune diseases there are antibodies in the blood that target body’s own healthy tissues.
rheumatoid arthritis
In rheumatoid arthritis inflammation of joint occurs in addition with inflammation in tissues around joint. Other organs in the body also get inflamed and injured. Multiple other organs of body get affected; hence the disease is also called systemic illness or rheumatoid disease. The exact cause of autoimmunity in rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. It is thought to be genetically inherited.
Normally a bone joint allows smooth movement of body parts. Arthritis results in swelling, pain, stiffness and redness in joints. In chronic cases destruction of cartilage, bone and ligaments occur that result in deformity of joint.
Women are at more risk of having rheumatoid arthritis then men. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age; most common occurrence is between 40 and 60 years. When rheumatoid arthritis occurs in children it is called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. When any family member is affected with rheumatoid arthritis then the risk of having the disease increases.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis come and go, depending on the degree of inflammation of tissues. The disease is said to be active when the body tissues are inflamed, disease is inactive when inflammation subsides. During the inactive period symptoms disappear and the patient generally feels well. During the active phase of disease patient experiences following symptoms:
• Pain in joint.
• Joint becomes tender, inflamed and warm.
• Muscle and joint stiffness in morning and after long rest.
• Joints are affected in symmetrical pattern.
• Fatigue.
• Loss of energy.
• Fever
• Lack of appetite.
Rheumatoid arthritis is diagnosed by signs and symptoms. Blood test is done which shows elevated ESR (that indicated inflammatory condition in body), rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP (cyclic citrullinated peptide). X- ray is recommended to check the progression of disease in joints over time.
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of developing osteoporosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, heart problems and lung diseases.
Self help for rheumatoid arthritis:
Along with the medicines when self care measures are followed, the signs and symptoms can be reduced to a great extent. Following are self care tips:
• Maintain healthy bodyweight.
• Eat diet rich in calcium and iron.
• Plenty of fruits and vegetables.
• Cut down intake of fat and sugar.
• Take rest during pain.
• Walking, cycling and swimming are good exercises.
• Apply heat or cold: warmth helps in relaxing tense and painful muscles. Cold reduces muscle spasm and it may dull the pain.
How homoeopathy can help?
Homoeopathic treatment has a favorable result in rheumatoid arthritis. Homoeopathic medicine does not give the temporary relief but it aims to clear out the disease from the body. Below I am describing few homoeopathic medicines that can be used in treating rheumatic arthritis but one must avoid self medication. It is because homoeopathic prescription is based on complete analysis of symptoms- mental, physical and symptoms of disease.
Arnica: This medicine is given in chronic arthritis. Patient has bruised and sore feeling. Slightest touch and movement increases the pain.
Bryonia: Tearing and throbbing pain that becomes worse by motion. Symptoms get worse in cold dry weather. Applying pressure on affected part and rest gives relief.
Calcarea carb.: joints of knee and hands are involved. Pain gets worse by cold damp weather. Patient is chilly and sluggish.
Aurum met: this remedy is used for wandering pain in muscles and joints. Pain is worse at night. Motion and warmth gives relief.
Ledum pal: arthritis affects lower body and moves upper side. Joints make cracking sound. Cold application gives relief.
Rhododendron: symptoms get worse before a storm and continue till the weather is cleared. Stiffness is marked in early morning and after long rest.
Rhus tox: pain is worse in morning or during first motion and is relieved by continued motion. Warmth relieves pain.
Ruta: this remedy is indicated when overuse of part causes repeated wear and tear and ultimately results in arthritis.
Exercises to do in rheumatoid arthritis:
Persons who have rheumatoid arthritis should exercise as it increases their muscle strength, reduces pain and they are better able to cope with the disease.
• Walking is the most beneficial and easiest form of exercise.
• Yoga.
• Strengthening exercises like lifting weights helps in decreasing pain and increasing muscle strength.
• Hamstring stretch: lay flat on your back and slowly draw one knee close to your chest. Hold for 10 seconds and return to starting position, repeat the step 3-5 times then do the exercise with another leg.
• Chest stretch: stand against a wall; keep your arm at 90 degree with forearm touching the wall. Gently lean forward till u feel stretch at upper portion of shoulder and chest. Hold for 10 seconds and return to starting position. Repeat 3 to 6 times.
• Recumbent bike or elliptical trainer provides low-impact workout. Initially do it for 10 to 15 minutes 2 to 3 days a week.

Thursday, 10 July 2014

Type of Fungal Infection

World is full of molds, yeast and fungi but only few can cause skin problems. The agents which cause skin problems are called dermatophytes, which mean skin fungi. Skin fungi live on top of skin in dead keratin protein layer and rarely invade deep into the body. Some favorable conditions such as humid condition of skin allow the fungi to grow and cause skin problems, most commonly in the skin folds. Other than warm humid conditions greater risk factors are coming in contact with affected individual or infected surface.
Some fungi lives on human skin, hair or nails while others live on animals and some are found in soil. Therefore it is difficult to identify source of skin fungal disease.

Another name for fungal infection is mycosis. Candida is the species of fungi that is responsible for fungal infection in humans. Candida is normally present within human body and is usually harmless. When immune system becomes weak or other conditions allow it to grow it causes symptoms in a person.
Frequency of fungal infection is increasing now days because of increased use of antibiotics and immunosuppressive drugs. Normally bacteria are present on body but this frequent use of antibiotics and immunosuppressive drugs disrupt normal bacterial colonization and suppress immune system, this creates an environment within the body in which fungi can thrive.

Different types of fungal infection:

• Tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot).
• Tinea cruris (Jock itch).
• Tine corporis (Ringworm).
• Tinea unguium (Onychomycosis).
• Candidiasis albicans.
• Tinea versicolor (Pityriasis versicolor).
• Tinea capitis.
• Tinea barbae.

1.Tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot):
Tinea-Pedis
Athlete’s foot is also known as tinea pedis. Athlete’s foot is a common skin condition which is highly contagious. People who are sweaty and wear tight fitting shoes are commonly affected by athlete’s foot. Sole of the foot and skin between the toes is affected. Warm humid climate is a favorable condition for the organism to grow.
Most commonly athlete’s foot is not noticeable as it presents itself as dry flaky skin. Extensive athlete’s foot looks like red, peeling, and dry skin. Dry flakes may spread on to top or sides of the feet. Space between the toes have moisture, peeling and dry flakes.
Athlete’s foot may spread to other parts of body like hands, nails and groin.

2.Tinea cruris (Jock Itch):
jock itch
Jock itch is an itchy rash of the groin. It is a red or pink rash that affects groin folds and genitals. Majority cases of jock itch resolve without any treatment. Jock itch is mainly seen in the groin but it can spread to the thighs, groin or anus.
Jock itch may cause from tight underwear, sweating, excess moisture, skin rubbing, skin infection or allergic problems. Diabetic and obese people are more prone to jock itch.

3.Tinea corporis (Ringworm):

tinea corporis
Exposed parts of body are most commonly affected such as arms, legs and face. There is formation of red ring shaped rash which grows slowly. Occasionally scaling, crusting, raised areas or blisters can appear.
• Ringworm of scalp is called tinea capitis: Tinea capitis is fungal infection of scalp and hair shaft. It appears as scaly, itchy and bald patch on head. Hair of the infected area becomes brittle. It is highly contagious infection. Few cases of tinea capitis results in severe inflammation with scarring or permanent hair loss.
• Ringworm of beard is called tinea barbae: Tinea barbae is fungal infection of beard and mustache area of adult males only. Tinea barbae infection is less common in occurrence as compared to tinea capitis. Tinea barbae appears as red inflamed area, pustules and crusting around the hair occurs. Hair pulls out easily.
4.Tinea unguium (Onychomycosis):
onychomycosis
Onychomycosis starts at the edge of the nail and slowly spread down to the nail bed. Toe nail most commonly get affected as compared to finger nails. Discoloration of nail occurs and then nail becomes crumbly. Nail becomes thick and painful to wear shoes.
If a person is having athlete’s foot then the infection can spread to nails. Risk factors of having onychomycosis are heavy sweating, humid or moist, wearing shoes and socks with heavy sweat, minor nail in jury, diabetes, circulation problems, and weak immune system.

5.Candida albicans:
candida albicans
Candida albicans is present on skin and in mucous membrane such as urinary tract, mouth, vagina or rectum. Candida albicans can travel through bold stream and infect, throat, heart valves and intestines. Favorable condition for the candida albicans to multiply in their place is may be over use of antibiotics that destroy the beneficial micro-organism in the body.
• Candida infection of mouth is called thrush that appears as creamy-white or bluish white patch on tongue.
• Candida causes diaper rash in which skin appears red, inflamed and scaly.
• Candida infection of vagina is characterized by yellow or white discharge. Wall of vagina and vulva get inflamed it results in burning and itching.
• Candida infection of penis is called balanitis that causes inflammation of head of penis.

6.Tinea versicolor:
tinea versicolor

Tinea versicolor is a common fungal infection of skin that affects normal pigmentation of skin and causes small discolored patches. These patches can be light or dark as compared to surrounding skin, it is slow growing patch scaly and mild itchy. Back, neck, chest and upper arms are commonly affected.

Tuesday, 8 July 2014

Causes of Neck Pain

Pain in neck is a common occurrence these days. Any of the tissue in the neck is affected by disease and causes pain. Common diseases affecting neck are degenerative disk disease, herniated disk, neck injury, neck strain, fibromyalgia. Some infections causes pain in the neck such as viral infection of throat, tuberculosis of neck, osteomyelitis, septic discitis, and meningitis.
drthind_neck pain
1. CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS:
Cervical spondylosis is an age related wear and tear of spinal disks in the neck. Pain and stiffness is the main symptom in cervical spondylosis. Cervical spondylosis narrows the space through which nerve roots passes. If the compression of nerve roots is severe then the damage can be permanent.
Pain around the shoulder blade is a common symptom. Pain may come in arm and fingers that may increase on standing, sitting, backward tilting of neck, sneezing or coughing. Pain is accompanied by muscle weakness which makes it difficult to raise the arms or hold object firmly, stiff neck, headache, tingling or numbness in arms or legs. Loss of bowel or bladder control is a symptom that occurs less frequently.
As age progresses, wear and tear occurs in bones and cartilages. Cervical spondylosis is a result of this wear and tear of bones such as dehydrated disk, herniated disk, bone spurs and stiff ligaments.Besides increasing age other risk factors causing cervical spondylosis are occupations demanding lots of overhead work and wrong posture, neck injuries and genetic factors.
Self care:
• Regular exercise.
• Apply heat or cold to the painful area and see what gives you relief.
• Wear soft neck brace for a short period of time as prolong use weakens neck muscles.
2. ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS:
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronicinflammation of spine and sacroiliac joints. Chronic inflammation results in pain and stiffness in and around the spine. Ankylosing spondylitis leads to complete fusion of vertebrae and results in immobility of spine. Ankylosing spondylitis can also affect other tissues in body hence it is also called systemic disease. Ankylosing spondylitis is more common in men than women. Ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited disease.
Inflammation of spine results in pain and stiffness in neck, low back, upper buttock area. Onset of symptoms in ankylosing spondylitis is gradual, symptoms progressively worsens with loss of range of mobility over months. Pain and stiffness is worse in morning or after long rest.
Ankylosing spondylitis affects joints other than spine. Inflammation in tissues of bottom of foot is a common occurrence in people with Ankylosing spondylitis. Occasionally joints of toes, cartilage of breastbone and tendons get involved. Other than joints Ankylosing spondylitis also affects eyes, heart and kidneys.
Self care:
• Avoid smoking. Ankylosing spondylitis affect mobility of rib cage, smoking damage lungs therefore ability to breathe is further compromised.
3. WHIPLASH:
Whiplash is injury to neck when the neck is moved backward and forward very suddenly. Whiplash injury can be mild or severe. In whiplash muscles and ligaments of neck are extended beyond its range of motion. Whiplash causes pain in neck, stiffness and discomfort, pain at base of skull and dizziness. Less common symptoms are difficulty in concentration, memory problems, ringing in the ears, disturbed sleep, irritability. Recovery from whiplash occurs within few weeks to two to three months, depending on the severity.
Self care:
• Apply heat or cold pack to affected area. Ice reduces inflammation and should be used in early recovery period. Heat is helpful in relaxing muscles.
• Exercise regularly after controlling pain to restore range of motion of neck.
4. WRY NECK (TORTICOLLIS):
Torticollis is a condition when neck is painfully twisted and tilted. In torticollis neck twists to one side causing the head to tilt. Muscles of neck and shoulder become tense and tender and there is abnormal contraction of muscle at one side of neck, hence resulting in tilting of head to one side. Other symptoms may include shoulder pain, back pain, neck camps, headache, burning sensation and muscle tightness. Torticollis can develop slowly if there is family history or the condition can develop acutely due to trauma or adverse reaction to medications. Doctor will check nerve and motor function to rule out spinal cord injury.
5. POLYMYALGIA RHEUMATICA:
Polymyalgia rheumatica affects various parts of body. Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that commonly affects shoulder, neck, arm, thighs and hips. Symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica are pain and stiffness in affected area, limited range of motion in affected area, mild fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
Pain and stiffness causes difficulty in performing daily activities like getting dressed, bathing, combing hair, getting up from sitting position.
Self care:
• Calcium and vitamin supplements.
• Physical therapy.
• Limit salt in diet to prevent fluid buildup and high blood pressure.
6. RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS:
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder. Normally our immune system is made of complex organization of cells and antibodies that destroy invaders of the body, mainly infections. In autoimmune diseases there are antibodies in the blood that target body’s own healthy tissues. In rheumatoid arthritis inflammation of joint occurs in addition with inflammation in tissues around joint. Other organs in the body also get inflamed and injured. Multiple other organs of body get affected; hence the disease is also called systemic illness or rheumatoid disease. The exact cause of autoimmunity in rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. It is thought to be genetically inherited. Normally a bone joint allows smooth movement of body parts. Arthritis results in swelling, pain, stiffness and redness in joints. In chronic cases destruction of cartilage, bone and ligaments occur that result in deformity of joint.
Women are at more risk of having rheumatoid arthritis then men. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age; most common occurrence is between 40 and 60 years. When rheumatoid arthritis occurs in children it is called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. When any family member is affected with rheumatoid arthritis then the risk of having the disease increases.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis come and go, depending on the degree of inflammation of tissues. The disease is said to be active when the body tissues are inflamed, disease is inactive when inflammation subsides. During the inactive period symptoms disappear and the patient generally feels well. During the active phase of disease patient experience symptoms like pain in joint, joint becomes tender, inflamed and warm, muscle and joint stiffness in morning and after long rest, joints are affected in symmetrical pattern, fatigue, loss of energy, fever and lack of appetite.
Self care:
• Maintain healthy bodyweight.
• Eat diet rich in calcium and iron.
• Plenty of fruits and vegetables.
• Cut down intake of fat and sugar.
• Take rest during pain.
• Walking, cycling and swimming are good exercises.
• Apply heat or cold: warmth helps in relaxing tense and painful muscles. Cold reduces muscle spasm and it may dull the pain.
Exercise to relieve neck pain fast:
1. Neck retraction:
Sit down comfortably and bring the head straight back, keep the eyes on horizon. Return to initial position and repeat 10 times.
2. Head drop:
Retract your neck. Move head up and then backwards and stretch as far as you can do comfortably.
3. Side bend:
Place the right hand over head and with the help of hand move head towards right shoulder. When a stretch is felt on left side of neck, stop and return to neutral position. Repeat this exercise 5 times on each side.
4. Rotation:
Bring head neck retraction position and turn your head to right side. Return to neutral. Repeat 5 times in each direction.
5. Flexion:
Do neck retraction, clasp hands behind the head and guide the head forwards and downwards. When a stretch is felt at the back of neck stop stretching and return to starting position. Repeat it 5 times.
6. Shoulder blade pull:
Raise arms, bend at elbow to make 90 degree angle, keep the arms and neck still draw shoulder blades close together so that muscles between shoulder blades are squeezed. Relax and repeat it 5 times.