Friday, 13 June 2014


What is a thyroid gland?
The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland situated in neck, can have dramatic effect on a huge variety of bodily functions and if you are a women over 35 years your chances of thyroid disorder increases by 30%. Located above the Adam’s apple, your thyroid produces thyroid hormone(TH) which regulates your body temperature, metabolism and heart beat. Things start going wrong when thyroid is either under active or over active.
What causes your thyroid to go haywire? 
It could be genetics, an autoimmune attack, pregnancy, stress, nutritional deficiencies, or toxins in environment.
Here’s how to tell if your thyroid could be on the blink:You’re exhausted:
Feeling tired and having no energy are issues associated with lots of conditions, but they’re strongly linked withhypothyroidism. If you still fell tired in the morning or all day after a full night sleep, that’s a clue that your thyroid may be underactive. This fatigue is the number one symptom or clue for thyroid being less active.
You’re feeling down or low :
Felling unusually low or sad can also be a symptom of hypothyroidism.
Why? It’s thought that the production of low thyroid hormone can have an impact on the levels of serotonin “feel good”in the brain. 
You feel anxious and jittery:
Anxiety and "feeling wired" are associated with hyperthyroidism, when the thyroid gland is making too much thyroid hormone. If you feel like you just can’t relax, your thyroid may be "hyper."
Your appetite or taste buds are altered:
An increased appetite can be a sign of hyperthyroidism when too much thyroid hormone may have you feeling hungry all of the time.
An underactive thyroid, on the other hand, can mess with your sense of taste and smell.
Your brain becomes fussy:
Too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can cause difficulty concentrating and too little (hypothyroidism) may cause forgetfulness and general brain fog. 
You have lost interest in sex:
Having little or no desire in sex could be a side effect of a thyroid disorder. Too little thyroid hormone could contributor to a low libido.
You are feeling fluttery: That fluttery feeling you’re having may be heart palpitations. It can feel like your heart is actually fluttering or skipping a beat or two, or beating too hard or too quickly. You may notice these feelings in your chest or at pulse points in your throat or neck. Heart flutters or palpitations can be a sign of too many thyroid hormones flooding your system (hyperthyroidism).
Your skin is dry:                         
Skin that’s dry and itchy can be a symptom of hypothyroidism. The change in skin texture and appearance is probably due to slowed metabolism (caused by too little thyroid hormone production), which can reduce sweating. Likewise, nails can become brittle and may develop ridges.
Your bowels are unpredictable:
  People with hypothyroidism sometimes complain of constipation.The disruption in hormone production has likely caused a slowdown of digestive processes.On the reverse side of the spectrum, an overactive thyroid gland can cause diarrhea or more frequent bowel movements

Your periods have changed:

drthind_Thyroid_LongerMenstrualPeriodsLonger menstrual periods with a heavier flow and more cramps can be a sign of hypothyroidism, where thyroid hormones are in short supply. Periods may be closer together.
With hyperthyroidism, high levels of TH cause menstrual irregularities in a different way. Periods are shorter, farther apart and may be very light. 
You have painful extremities or cramps:
If you have mysterious or sudden tingling or numbness—or actual pain—in your arms, legs, feet, or hands, that could be a sign of hypothyroidism. Over time, producing too little thyroid hormone can damage the nerves that send signals from your brain and spinal cord throughout your body. The result is those "unexplained" tingles and twinges.
You have high blood pressure: Elevated blood pressure can be a symptom of a thyroid disorder. Both hyperthyroidismand hypothyroidism have been fingered as culprits. By some estimates, people with hypothyroidism have two to three times the risk of developing hypertension.
One theory is that low amounts of thyroid hormone can slow heart beat, which can affect pumping strength and blood vessel wall flexibility. Both may cause a rise in blood pressure.
Your thermostat is on the fritz:
Feeling cold or having chills is associated with hypothyroidism. The system slow-down caused by an underactive thyroid means less energy is being burned by cells. Less energy equals less heat.
On the other hand, an overactive thyroid puts energy-producing cells into overdrive. That’s why people withhyperthyroidism sometimes feel too warm or sweat profusely.
You’re hoarse or neck becomes thick:
A change in your voice or a lump in your throat could be a sign of a thyroid disorder. One way to check is to take a good look at your neck to see if you can detect any signs of thyroid swelling. If you see anything that’s lumpy or suspicious, see your doctor.
Your sleep cycle is messed up: Want to sleep all of the time? It could be hypothyroidism. A sluggish thyroid can slow bodily functions down to the point where sleeping seems like a brilliant idea.
Can’t sleep? It could be hyperthyroidism. An overactive thyroid can cause anxiety and rapid pulse, which can make it hard to fall asleep or even wake you in the middle of the night.
You have gained weight: You feel that you aren’t eating any more than usual, but still gaining weight,. You are exercising, but are getting nowhere. You can’t lose it. It’s almost always due to an underactive thyroid.
On the other end of the scale, a sudden weight loss can signal hyperthyroidism.
Your hairs are falling out:
  Dry, brittle hair that breaks or falls out can be a sign ofhypothyroidism. Too little thyroid hormone disrupts your hair growth cycle and puts too many follicles into "resting" mode, resulting in hair loss—sometimes all over your body including at the outside of your eyebrows.
You have problems getting pregnant:
If you’ve been trying to have a baby for an extended period of time with no luck, an under- or over-active thyroid could be a contributing factor. Difficulty conceiving has been linked to a higher risk of undiagnosed thyroid problems.
Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can interfere with ovulation, which impairs fertility.
You have high cholesterol:
Elevated levels of the "bad" cholesterol i.e LDL(Low density lipoprotein) can be caused by an underactive thyroid and are cause for concern. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to heart problems, including an enlarged heart and heart failure.
Don’t ignore. Go get your thyroid profile done: If you have one or more of these symptoms and suspect it’s your thyroid, see your doctor and ask for a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) test, Free T3, and Free T4 tests.