Sunday, 29 June 2014

MISSED PERIODS

Normal menstrual cycle in female lasts for 28 days (+/- 7 days).Menstrual bleeding is irregular when it occurs more frequently than every 21days or lasts longer than 8 days.
Women between the age group of 11-13 years of age start having menses. Menstrual periods are usually irregular during first few years of starting menstruation. Pregnancy is one of major reason for missed or late period.

In women Estrogen is an important hormone which helps in building the uterine lining and preparing body for pregnancy.

As stress is also one of major factor for missed periods, stress suppresses the Hypothalamus function which controls the Pituitary gland (Master gland) which controls Thyroid, Adrenal gland and Ovaries.
Disturbance in menstrual cycle is one of major cause in reproductive age female who need medical attention .It is estimated that about 2%-5 % of women have these complaints of which the prevalence is higher in female athletes .

Menstrual cycle disturbances are one of the most common complaints causing women of reproductive age to seek medical care. An estimated 2% to 5% of women in the general population have amenorrhea. The prevalence is even higher in female athletes; an estimated 66% of these women do not get their periods.
In some cases, imbalance in Prolactin hormone can also lead to missed periods .Prolactin is a pituitary hormone allowing lactation after birth of child. In women who are not pregnant, elevation in prolactin level is abnormal but rise in prolactin level take place due to benign growth (microadenoma ) on pituitary gland .

Missed period can be due to-
• Weight loss / weight gain
• Obesity
• Eating disorders –Bulimia, anorexia nervosa
• Increased physical activity
• Emotional or physical stress –chronic or long term anxiety
• Travelling
• Birth control pills
• Hormonal imbalance
• Polycystic ovary syndrome
• Breast feeding
• Illegal drug use
• Irritable bowel syndrome , liver disease , diabetes
• Thyroid gland disorders –when the level of thyroid in blood becomes too high or too low
• Depression
• Poor nutrition
• Menopause
• Women who have been injured , women with auto-immune disorder, pituitary tumor , undergoing chemotherapy experience ovarian failure which leads to missed or late period
• Women with genetic disorder      
         
Risk factor-
• Acute liver disease, pancreatic disease
• Gall bladder disease
• Stroke, blood clot
• Hypertension
• Migraine headache

Women may complaint of symptoms of –
• Nausea
• Headache
• Depression and fluid retention
Missed /late periods to side affects- weight gain, bloating and irritability

Diagnosis-
Home Pregnancy test for detecting pregnancy

Management -
• Managing stress
• Yoga and medication
• Proper sleep
• Vitamin Supplements
• Staying healthy with eating a well balanced diet
• Consuming lot of fruits and vegetables
• Changes in lifestyle
• Avoid smoking or tobacco products
• Avoid caffeine
• Herbal tea
• Warm relaxing bath
• consuming dairy products in moderation
• avoid skipping meals
• avoiding excess salty food

Role of Homeopathy-Jonosia Ashoka –
• Delayed and irregular menses
• Pain in menses , pain in ovaries before flow
• Irritable bladder

Gossypium –
• Intermittent pain in ovaries
• Morning sickness , menses suppressed , menses watery
• Dragging in pelvis , backache
• Uterine fibroid

Sepia –
• It is one of major remedy in women with menstrual problems
• Relaxed pelvic organs with bearing down sensation
• Menses too late , scanty
• Morning sickness , prolapsed of uterus
• Pulsating headache
• Great uterine remedy

Pulsatilla –
• Lower abdominal pains and cramps
• Desire for open air
• Thirst less , aversion to fatty food
• Suppressed menses , too late and scanty
• Dark clotted blood , pain in back

Saturday, 28 June 2014

SWELLING PERIPHERAL EDEMA IN ANKLES AND FEET

Swollen feet/ ankle are accumulation of excess fluid building up in muscle and causes swelling (known as edema).Feet and ankles turn purplish on swelling
Causes -
• Swelling of feet and ankle is normal in pregnancy.
• Swelling in ankles and feet is a sign of venous insufficiency (varicose vein ) in which blood inadequately moves up the veins from the legs and feet up to heart. The function of veins is to keep blood flowing upwards with one-way valves. When the walls become damaged or weak blood starts leaking back down the vessels which leads to fluid retention, in lower legs, ankles and feet.
• Swelling in feet and ankles is a sign of infection; people with diabetic neuropathy are at great risk of swelling.
•  Injury to foot and ankle leads to swelling (sprains and strains)
•  Blood clot formation in veins of leg leads to return of blood from legs back up to the heart causing swelling in ankles and feet .Blood clot can be superficial and deep in skin as deep vein thrombosis.
• Swelling is indicative of –heart, liver (liver failure produces jaundice) and kidney disease .Kidney disease causes swelling of foot and ankle .Swelling of ankle is sign of salt /water retention as because of right-side heart failure.
• Side effects of medications –also can cause swelling in feet and ankle like –Steroids, anti-depressant drugs, diabetic medications, and Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
• In people with poor blood circulation are prone to swelling in feet and ankle, as long standing through the day makes heart difficult to pump the blood back.
• Heart failure results in fluid retention (Cardiomyopathy)
• Joint inflammation /arthritis (osteoarthritis and Gout) also cause localized swelling in foot/ankle. Some of auto-immune disease causes swelling.
• Obesity
• Advanced age
• Malnutrition
• Hypothyroidism
• Insect bite /sting
• Chemotherapy
• Excess alcohol consumption
• Having high blood pressure
Diagnosis –
• Complete blood count
• Chest X-ray
• ECG
• Urinalysis
• Liver function test , kidney function test
• Test for gout
• Special blood test –for autoimmune disease
• Clotting test –deep vein thrombosis
Management –
• Raising legs above heart while lying down
• Regular exercise –such as swimming, walking
• Following a low salt diet which can reduce swelling
• Losing weight by eating balanced diet
• Avoiding junk food
• Drinking plenty of fluids
• Avoid crossing legs while sitting
• Taking regular breaks from sitting posture
• Stretch frequently when sitting for long periods
• Avoiding wearing tight clothing
• Wearing support stockings
• Wearing special shoes which are available in market for people having swollen feet and ankle.
• Herb-Ginkgo Biloba ( is a blood circulation supplement )
• A natural remedy to get rid of water retention is to drink natural diuretic drinks, 2-3 cups of green tea and two to three tablespoons of lemon juice in one glass of boiling hot water per day.
• Soaking feet in water with relaxing foot massage
• A good remedy for swollen feet and ankles is sponging with cold water.
• Addition of pinch of magnesium

Friday, 27 June 2014

HOW TO STOP NOSE BLEEDING?

What causes nose bleeding?

- Blowing the nose frequently and forcefully.
- Trauma including self induced by nose picking especially in children.
- Hot climate with low humidity, from cold to warm.
- Excessive intake of alcohol.
- Nasal Allergies.
- Infection like cold or flu, sinusitisallergic rhinitis.
- Excessive use of medication like anti-coagulants (blood thinner), Ibuprofen.
High blood pressure.
- High altitude
- Use of blood thinning medication.

Steps to stop nose bleeding:-
nosebleed
1. Hold the tissue to nose- Firstly reassure the patient and sit them calmly. Grab the tissue and hold it up to the nose to stop bleeding .Don’t blow the nose otherwise it will make the bleeding worse.
 
 
 
 
 
drthind_SittingPosture
2. Sitting posture – Sit in a chair and lean slightly forward .If you lean back there is a risk of swallowing blood which taste bad and may cause coughing ,vomiting . If you want to remain standing you can but it’s better to relax your body by sitting down for a few minutes and control nose bleed.
 
 
 
drthind_PinchHere
3. Stop the flow – The blood mostly comes from front of the nose. Lean forward and pinch the soft part of the nose (just below the bony bridge of nose) with a tissue or clean cloth to stop the flow of blood and pinch them for 10 minutes. It helps to clot blood and stop running.
 
 
drthind_CheckBloodFlow
4. Check the bleeding – After 10 minutes release your nose and see the bleeding is there or not .If the bleeding is still flowing then again pinch your nose for another 10 minutes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
drthind_ColdCompress
5. Use cold compress – If the bleeding does not stop after another 10 minutes then apply a cold compress like an ice rapped in a cotton cloth and apply it on the nose.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Call the Doctor if the patient – 
– has frequent nose bleeding more than 20 minutes.
– sometime when children put something in his or her nose.
– tends to bruise easily
– Bleeding started after head injury.
– Recently started taking new medicine.

Wednesday, 25 June 2014

How To Keep Your Heart Healthy

Diet tips to keep your Heart healthy-
1) Avoid saturated or trans fats-

Food containing high levels of trans fats (potato chips, baked goods) and saturated fats (fat meat, dairy products including beef ,pork ,poultry, beef fat ,cream butter ,cheese, fried foods contain palm oil , coconut oil ) can increase the cholesterol levels.

Trans fat lowers the levels of HDL (good) cholesterol which can increase cardiovascular risk. Fat such as monosaturated fat and omega -3s promote healthy heart.

2) Avoid diet which rich in Cholesterol- Cholesterol is a waxy fat like substance made in liver and cells of animals. It is found in animal products (meat, poultry, diary and eggs).A high intake of dietary cholesterol contribute to heart disease. Take less than 300 milligrams each day. Fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts are cholesterol regulators. The best foods for lowering cholesterol are oatmeal, fish, walnut, olive oil. Vegetables and fruits are good sources of vitamins and minerals. They are low in calories and rich in dietary fiber. Eating more fruits and vegetables help you eat less the high fat food such as meat, cheese and snack foods.

3) Intake of fish Take fish like salmon or herring, tuna twice a week in your diet which can lower the cholesterol and leads to less risk for heart attack. Fish containing omega -3 fatty acids work as superheroes which is good for heart.

4) Avoid salty and high sodium foods - Eating a lot of salt contribute to high blood pressure which is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is one of the big part of healthy heart diet. Don’t take more than a teaspoon of salt a day for an adult. Take sodium diet not more than 1,500 milligrams per day.

5) Reduce canned or processed foods - The canned or processed foods like soups, poultry or other meat having added salt for preservation.

6) More SUGAR, more risk to your heart - It plays very important role in heart diseases. The person who ate sugar had lower levels of HDL “good” cholesterol and having higher triglycerides which are the markers of increased heart disease risk. American Heart Association (AHA) recommends that women should not consume more than 6 teaspoons of sugars (100 calories) per day.

7) Quit Smoking - Smoking reduces life expectancy. The smokers are twice likely to have a heart attack than a non-smoker.

8) Exercise regularly - Walk briskly for 45 minutes a day and reduce the risk of heart disease.

9) Improve Circulation - Heart is a muscle and exercise helps to make it stronger. A strong heart pumps blood more efficiently and delivers more oxygen and nutrients to every inch of your body. This improvement in circulation increase energy levels.

10) Reduce stress - Exercise triggers biochemical changes in brain that temper feelings of anxiety and depression has been linked to heart disease.

11) Weight loss - Sweating force the body to burn calories.

12) Sound sleep - Activity improves the quality of sleep as well as helps you fall asleep faster.

13) Appetite control - Working help to curb your appetite which can make it easier to lose and control your weight.

14) Switch your chocolate choice - Switch from milk chocolate to dark chocolate. When eaten in moderation, dark chocolate is good for heart.

Points to Remember :-

► Monitor your Blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol level which gives you an alarm that you need medical checkup.

► Check your family history.

► Less intake of vitamin C increased heart disease risks. So take citrus fruits which is rich in Vitamin C like lemon, orange, amla etc.

► Kiwi is one of the essential fruit which help in reducing the heart disease.

► Fats which is found in nuts, olive, soybean, canola oils, fish and seafood is good for healthy heart.

► Eating breakfast in time lowers heart disease risk by more than 25%.

► Those who take walnuts reduce risk of dying from heart disease by 50%.

► Flaxseeds are high in fiber and omega-3 fatty acids which lower the blood cholesterol.

► Take balanced diet and eat fresh fruits, vegetables, and starch foods such as wholegrain cereals, legumes, bread and rice.

► Appetite control make easier to lose your weight.

► Manage the stress level by doing Yoga / Meditation.

► Job related stress is a significant risk factor in the development of heart disease.

► Music helps patient to recover from heart disease, and can even strengthen the hearts of healthy people.

► Research proves that bad eating behaviors in children can leads to heart disease later in life.

► Banana is rich in potassium which helps to lower the blood pressure.

► Livings actively help you to improve the quality of sleep. Chronic sleep deprivation leads to heart disease.

► If you have already heart disease, exercise may decrease symptoms of angina (chest discomfort) and heart failure.

► Manage your weight because overweight can increase the risk of heart disease.

► Give up smoking. Smoking is one of the major causes of heart disease.

► Any moderate -intensity exercise like swimming, jogging and yoga is good for heart disease.

► Laughter is the best therapy. It is an instant way to unleash the pressure and make you feel light. Share

Tuesday, 24 June 2014

On Other Hand, We Denounce

But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful.

Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it?

But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Today’s popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporation’s first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh.

[1] Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples—it was, for example, widely used in Letraset catalogs in the 1960s and 1970s[1] (anecdotes suggest that the original use of the “Lorem ipsum” text was by Letraset, which was used for print layouts by advertising agencies as early as the 1970s). The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates.

Monday, 23 June 2014

HEALTHY DIET

A well balanced diet should be low in fat , sugar and salt , it should have enough protein , vitamins and minerals .

The essential food can be divided into groups – – Fruits and vegetables – (these are high in vitamins, minerals and fibre )
- Carbohydrates ( starchy good for slow energy release in the blood stream ) present in bread , cereals , rice , pasta , chapatti .
– Milk and diary foods (high in protein, good in calcium).
– Milk, cheese and yogurt are food high in saturated fats.
– Eggs, meat, fish, pulses, beans are foods rich in protein. Red meat is higher in fat than chicken and fish and is good source of iron.

It is important to consult a dietitian. If you have been already given dietary advice you can make changes consulting your physician.

Food provides energy, power and helps in growth and repair .The food which we eat is broken down in stomach and intestines and three main nutrients are extracted

– Carbohydrates, fats and proteins. These nutrients are absorbed in the bloodstream and then carried to liver. In liver they are either stored or changed in a way that body can use them.

Our bodies need a variety of vitamins and minerals. They are essential for the millions of chemical reactions that occur in our bodies every day. They enable our bodies to carry out all the processes necessary for life. Most people get all the vitamins and minerals their bodies need by choosing a variety of foods from the first four food groups.

Sunday, 22 June 2014

RAISE DEFENSE MECHANISM OF BODY WITH HOMOPATHY

Our immune system consists of various tissues, organs and cells such as tonsils, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, white blood cells, bone marrow, appendix; that help in fighting infection. Immune system is built up in such a way that if any microbe enters the body it is identified immediately and is attacked by defending cells. This is achieved without any external help (medicine).

Our modern lifestyle has altered our immunity. In the busy world we want the results immediately; this impatience has caused a major impact on our immunity. We cannot wait for our body to defend and heal itself from infection. We opt for quick relief. If there is repetitive use of antibiotics without proper diagnosis they cease to be effective.

Do you know letting your child play in dirt is helpful in building child’s immunity? Cleanliness is necessary to be healthy, but when a child plays in such surroundings in which there is exposure to germs, the body will develop antibodies against that germ and protect them from future allergies or certain diseases.

You must have noticed that not everyone is susceptible to change of whether, not everyone gets infection on mild exposure. It is because of the weak immune system due to life style and the role of repetitive use of antibiotics. On the other hand you are affected by autoimmune disease this is because of hyperactive immune system.

In order to be in healthy state it is necessary to keep the immune system in perfect condition. Homoeopathy will not only give symptomatic relief but helps in boosting up our immune system in a way that the body will be sufficient enough to fight infections. The homoeopathic remedies are non habit forming.

Homoeopathic medicines are made up of natural substances and herbs. Homoeopathy is the safest way to boost immune system, so that the body can heal by itself. Selection of homoeopathic medicines is based on complete individualization.

Wednesday, 18 June 2014

HEALTHY MENOPAUSE WITH HOMEOPATHY

A woman experiences mood swings, hot flashes, dryness in vagina, memory disorders, loss of libido, insomnia and headaches. When hormonal changes are occurring in body during menopause a woman may experience irregular periods or too much bleeding. These symptoms disappear with time and body slowly gets adapted.

Ovaries are a pair of glands of reproductive system of a woman. They are about the size of an almond and located on each side of the uterus. Ovaries are responsible for release of an egg during each monthly menstrual cycle and production of hormone estrogen that regulates the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.

In certain disease, before the occurrence of menopause, surgical removal of ovaries is needed. After which a woman experiences sudden menopause. The condition is called surgical menopause. A woman experience signs and symptoms of menopause.

In some diseases both uterus and ovaries are removed, the condition is called hysterectomy. Sometimes removal of uterus is done without removal of ovaries, in that case ovaries produce hormones normally but menses does not occur and menopause occurs naturally.

Normal time of menopause to occur is between 45-55 years of age, but if menopause occurs prior to age 40, this condition is pre mature ovarian failure.

The hormone estrogen released by ovaries is called a protective hormone as it protects a woman against many diseases. After menopause many diseases tend to occur. A healthy life style and proper diet helps to combat diseases.

• A diet low in fat and high in carbohydrate like vegetables, fruits, grains helps women to not put on weight.
• Soy products are known to reduce hot flashes and also reduce the risk of breast cancer after menopause.
• Calcium rich diet helps in strengthening bones.
• Overweight women should reduce weight to lower the menopausal symptoms and risk of heart diseases and breast cancer as well.

Homeopathy eases menopausal symptoms:
Homeopathy plays a great role in relieving menopausal symptoms. A well chosen homeopathic remedy eases the menopause in women. Few remedies for menopausal symptoms are explained below, but one should take the homeopathic remedy under the guidance of an experienced homeopathic physician.

Belladonna:
• It is indicated when flushes of heat are very sudden and intense.
• Feeling of pulsation and throbbing.
• Short bursts of anger can occur during headaches or in stressful situations.
• Migraines, blood pressure fluctuations, and a craving for lemons or lemonade are often seen when this remedy is needed.

Calcarea carbonica:
• It is indicated in heavy flooding, night sweats and flushing.
• Weight gain during menopause.
• Patient is very much anxious.
• Stiff joints or cramps in the legs and feet, and cravings for eggs and sweets.

Glonoinum:
• Women with intense hot flashes and flushing during menopause, along with feelings of pulsation in head.
• Menstrual flow may start then stop too early accompanied by irritability.
• Worse from sun exposure and getting warm.

Ignatia:
• The woman will be very sensitive, try to hide her feelings, moody, or hysterical.
• Headaches, muscle spasms, menstrual cramps and irregular periods.
• Sudden outbursts of tears or laughter.

Lachesis:
• Intense hot flashes with red or purplish flushing, palpitations, and feelings of pressure and congestion.
• Can not tolerate tight clothing.
• A woman is very talkative, with strong emotions.

Natrum muriaticum:
• A woman is very introvert.
• Continuously dwell on the past or brood about hurts and disappointments.
• Irregular periods accompanied by backaches or migraines.
• Craves salt.

Pulsatilla:
• A woman is usually soft and emotional, with changeable moods and a tendency toward tears.
• Too much attached to children and can not bear the thought that her children growing up and leaving home.
• Changeable moods, irregular periods, alternating heat and chills, and lack of thirst
. • Aggravation from stuffy rooms and improvement in open air.
• Craving for fatty food.

Monday, 16 June 2014

SCIATICA HAS A CURE IN HOMOEOPATHY

The sciatic nerve is responsible for feeling and movement of most of the leg muscles. When this sciatic nerve gets compressed it produces symptoms of pain, numbness, weakness and tingling in the lower back or down the leg. This condition is called sciatica. Pain varies from dull ache to severe shooting pain so as to make it difficult to move. It usually involves one side of the lower body.

If you have pain in back and leg, then you need to know whether it is sciatica or is it referred from a joint pain. Sciatica is not a disease. It is the symptom of a disease.

5 different nerves on each side arise from the spinal cord and joins to form sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body; it begins in the lower back and runs through the buttock and down the lower limb to posterior aspect of foot. The sciatic nerve is responsible for feeling and movement of most of the leg muscles.

When this sciatic nerve gets compressed it produces symptoms of pain, numbness, weakness and tingling in the lower back or down the leg. This condition is called sciatica. Pain varies from dull ache to severe shooting pain so as to make it difficult to move. It usually involves one side of the lower body.

Various factors that puts pressure on the nerve: – The vertebrae of the backbone have cartilage discs between them. The discs consist of a circle of connective tissue with a central gel-like core. This makes the spine flexible. When the soft part of the disc bulges through the circle of connective tissue it is called slip disc or herniated disc and it puts pressure on the nerve. As the age advances spinal discs start to lose their water content. This makes them less flexible and more likely to rupture.

– As people age, the soft tissues and bones in the spine may harden or become overgrown. These degenerative changes may narrow the space around the spinal cord and result in spinal stenosis which in turn compresses the nerve.

– Injury or tumor in the lower back compresses the nerve.

– The lower part of the spine is connected to the thigh bone with a muscle called piriformis muscle. The sciatic nerve lies beneath this muscle. In certain condition when there is spasm of the piriformis muscle it produces pressure on the sciatic nerve.

How our postures affect us? If you are among those people who have a long sitting job and you are experiencing symptoms of pain, then you need to correct your posture. Our postures have a remarkable effect on our joints. The back bone is designed in such a way that it supports and stabilizes us. In straight position back bone does not have to do extra effort of balancing. But if we do not maintain good posture it results in stress on back bone and muscle strain. Repetitive stress and strain causes problems.

Homoeopathic approach: Homoeopathy has shown positive responses in treating sciatica. Before the prescription of homoeopathic remedy understanding its causative factors, characteristic symptoms, aggravating and ameliorating factors of pain should be considered. Therefore it is important to take the medicine from a doctor who is well versed in homoeopathy.

Some of the remedies that are given in sciatica pain are:

1. Colocynth: There are pains in the sciatic nerve extending the knee or to the heel, worse from any motion, and especially aggravated by cold. The pain is paroxysmal, followed by numbness and partial paralysis. Particularly right side is involved and there are stitches during walking.

2. Gnaphalium: It has intense neuralgic pains and numbness. The whole trunk and the main branches seem affected, worse when lying down, from motion, stepping and better whiles sitting in a chair. The pains extend to the toes.

3. Rhus toxicodendron: The pains are tearing and burning, worse during rest, alleviated a short time only during motion. There is lameness and dispositions to muscular twitching. It is rheumatic sciatica, the fibrous sheath of the nerve being involved. It is the best remedy for a combination of lumbago and sciatica. Sciatica arises from over-exposure to wet or from lifting, wrenching and over-exertion.

4. Ammonium muriaticum: Sciatica pain while sitting, somewhat relieved by walking and entirely relieved by lying down. Pains in the left hip as if the tendons were too short. Legs feel contracted. Painful jerks, feet feel as if asleep.

5. Nux vomica: It has lightning-like pains, with which twitching of the parts. Pains shoot down into the foot, the limb is stiff and contracted and the parts feel paralyzed and cold. Better when lying on the affected side and from the application of hot water.

Self care measures: Along with Homeopathic treatment some self care measures can help in relieving the symptoms of Sciatica: • Cold and hot packs. • Maintaining good posture. • Stretching and strengthening exercise. • Avoid sitting or standing for extended periods • Avoid wearing high heels.

As you have gone through this article, did you sit straight? If not, then try to avoid this and maintain good posture from now onwards and live pain free life. Mild degeneration is an age related phenomena, but we can avoid a lot with the help of exercises, yoga, practicing good posture and homoeopathy.

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME-DIET

If you are suffering from IBS you must eliminate following things from you eating habit: skipping meals, low fiber and fluid intake, fatty and spicy food, caffeine and alcohol and if you are sensitive to dairy products stop consuming it.

Different people have different trigger food that causes symptoms of IBS. The best way to find food that triggers your symptoms is to maintain a food diary. Note down the food that you eat and when you get symptoms from particular food, mark it as a trigger food. Next time the diary will help you to skip that food.

Normal routine that we all follow is that we take stomach full meals three times a day and snacks in between. But IBS sufferers need to change a little, instead of having large meals three times a day try eating several small meals during a day because large meals causes cramps and diarrhea.

Intestinal gas is one of the major problems of IBS patients, factors that increases intestinal gas are: carbonated drinks, staying empty stomach. Food that causes formation of intestinal gas are: Bananas, Beans, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Garlic, Leeks, Nuts, Onions, Raisins.

Fructose is not digested easily in IBS sufferers hence it causes excess gas, constipation and diarrhea. The artificial sweeteners are not digestible and aggravate the condition.

Diet that is low in fat and high in carbohydrates and proteins such as whole-grain breads, pasta, rice, fruits, vegetables, and cereals. Food rich in fiber should be included in diet to avoid constipation, these are: Barley, Brown rice, dried beans, Figs, French bread, Fresh peas, Oat Bran, Pasta, Prunes, Psyllium husk, Raisins, Rice, Sourdough bread, Soy.

If fibrous diet is causing problems, then it must be taken in the form of supplements. Adequate fluid helps in digestion and keeps the body hydrated during bouts of diarrhea. Other than maintaining diet, exercise is very beneficial in reducing the symptoms.

How homoeopathy can help in IBS? Along with diet management homoeopathy remedies can be used for better results. Medicines are given on the basis of symptom similarity and on the basis of generalities of the patient.

There are wide range of medicines, few of them are: argentum, kali phos, colocynth, lyco, nux-vom, etc.

Argentum: Belching accompanies most gastric complaints; flatulence; painful swelling in the pit of the stomach; great craving for sweets.

Colocynth: Dysentery after least food or drink; agonizing cutting pain in the abdomen causing the patient to bend double.

Kali phos: Dysentery while eating; a nervous gone sensation in the pit of stomach; patient becomes delirious, abdomen swells.

Lycopodium: After eating there is pressure in the stomach with much bloating and bitter taste in the mouth; sinking sensation worse at night; likes hot food and drinks; food tastes sour; patient is withered, complaints of gas formation.

Sunday, 15 June 2014

Estrogen Hormones In Women

An estrogen test measures the level of the important estrogen hormones ( estradiol ,estriol, and estrone) in a blood urine sample.

Estradiol is the commonly measured estrogen in a non-pregnanat women and its value varies throughout the menstrual cycle. Estradiol is the primary sex hormone of childbearing women. It is formed from developing ovarian follicles. Estradiol is responsible for female characteristics and sexual functioning. Also, estradiol is important to women’s bone health. Estradiol contributes to most gynecologic problems, including endometriosis and fibroids and even female cancers.

• Estriol levels usually are measured only during pregnancy. Estriol is produced in large amounts by the placenta which links the fetus to the mother. It can be detected as early as the 9th week of pregnancy, and its levels increase until delivery. Estriol can also be measured in urine.

• Estrogens are responsible for complete female sexual development, such as breast development development and the menstrual cycle.

• In women, estrogens are produced mainly in the ovaries and in the placenta during pregnancy. Small amounts are also produced by the adrenal glands. In men, small amounts of estrogens are produced by the adrenal glands and testicles.

• Estrogens are produced primarily by the ovaries Estrogens are steroid compounds that are important for development and functioning of females of the species. Estrogens are used as a part of some oral contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapies.

• The stimulation for secretion of estrogen comes from the Luteinizing hormone (LH) from anterior pituitary gland.

• Estrogen is used to treat sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating in women who are experiencing menopause .Some types of estrogen are also used to treat vaginal dryness, itching, or burning, and preventing osteoporosis in women who are experiencing menopause.

Level of Estrogen is high during - • Cancer
• Liver disease
• A pregnancy with more than one fetus, such as twins or triplets.
• Early puberty.

Level of estrogen falls during - • Hypogonadism
• Hypopituitarism
• Pregnancy failure
• Menopause
• Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
• Anorexia nervosa (eating disorder)
• Extreme exercise or training

Estrogen levels fall at menopause. This is a natural transition for all women between ages 40 and 55. During pregnancy, estrogen levels can be many times higher than normal

Why Estrogen test is done –
• Detecting fetal birth defects such as –Down syndrome during pregnancy.
• When the test for estriol is combined with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), it is called a triple screen test.
• Evaluate estrogen-producing tumors of the ovaries in girls before menstruation starts and in women after menopause.
• Explain abnormal sexual characteristics in men, such as enlarged breasts (gynecomastia). This test can also help detect the presence of estrogen-producing tumors growing in the testicles.

Women before menopause 20-750 picograms per milliliter ( pg/mL ) Women after menopause: Less than or equal to 20 pg/mL

Friday, 13 June 2014

SIGNS THAT INDICATE YOUR THYROID ISN'T WORKING RIGHT

What is a thyroid gland?
The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland situated in neck, can have dramatic effect on a huge variety of bodily functions and if you are a women over 35 years your chances of thyroid disorder increases by 30%. Located above the Adam’s apple, your thyroid produces thyroid hormone(TH) which regulates your body temperature, metabolism and heart beat. Things start going wrong when thyroid is either under active or over active.
What causes your thyroid to go haywire? 
It could be genetics, an autoimmune attack, pregnancy, stress, nutritional deficiencies, or toxins in environment.
Here’s how to tell if your thyroid could be on the blink:You’re exhausted:
Feeling tired and having no energy are issues associated with lots of conditions, but they’re strongly linked withhypothyroidism. If you still fell tired in the morning or all day after a full night sleep, that’s a clue that your thyroid may be underactive. This fatigue is the number one symptom or clue for thyroid being less active.
You’re feeling down or low :
Felling unusually low or sad can also be a symptom of hypothyroidism.
Why? It’s thought that the production of low thyroid hormone can have an impact on the levels of serotonin “feel good”in the brain. 
You feel anxious and jittery:
Anxiety and "feeling wired" are associated with hyperthyroidism, when the thyroid gland is making too much thyroid hormone. If you feel like you just can’t relax, your thyroid may be "hyper."
Your appetite or taste buds are altered:
An increased appetite can be a sign of hyperthyroidism when too much thyroid hormone may have you feeling hungry all of the time.
An underactive thyroid, on the other hand, can mess with your sense of taste and smell.
Your brain becomes fussy:
Too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can cause difficulty concentrating and too little (hypothyroidism) may cause forgetfulness and general brain fog. 
You have lost interest in sex:
Having little or no desire in sex could be a side effect of a thyroid disorder. Too little thyroid hormone could contributor to a low libido.
You are feeling fluttery: That fluttery feeling you’re having may be heart palpitations. It can feel like your heart is actually fluttering or skipping a beat or two, or beating too hard or too quickly. You may notice these feelings in your chest or at pulse points in your throat or neck. Heart flutters or palpitations can be a sign of too many thyroid hormones flooding your system (hyperthyroidism).
Your skin is dry:                         
Skin that’s dry and itchy can be a symptom of hypothyroidism. The change in skin texture and appearance is probably due to slowed metabolism (caused by too little thyroid hormone production), which can reduce sweating. Likewise, nails can become brittle and may develop ridges.
Your bowels are unpredictable:
  People with hypothyroidism sometimes complain of constipation.The disruption in hormone production has likely caused a slowdown of digestive processes.On the reverse side of the spectrum, an overactive thyroid gland can cause diarrhea or more frequent bowel movements

Your periods have changed:

drthind_Thyroid_LongerMenstrualPeriodsLonger menstrual periods with a heavier flow and more cramps can be a sign of hypothyroidism, where thyroid hormones are in short supply. Periods may be closer together.
With hyperthyroidism, high levels of TH cause menstrual irregularities in a different way. Periods are shorter, farther apart and may be very light. 
You have painful extremities or cramps:
If you have mysterious or sudden tingling or numbness—or actual pain—in your arms, legs, feet, or hands, that could be a sign of hypothyroidism. Over time, producing too little thyroid hormone can damage the nerves that send signals from your brain and spinal cord throughout your body. The result is those "unexplained" tingles and twinges.
You have high blood pressure: Elevated blood pressure can be a symptom of a thyroid disorder. Both hyperthyroidismand hypothyroidism have been fingered as culprits. By some estimates, people with hypothyroidism have two to three times the risk of developing hypertension.
One theory is that low amounts of thyroid hormone can slow heart beat, which can affect pumping strength and blood vessel wall flexibility. Both may cause a rise in blood pressure.
Your thermostat is on the fritz:
Feeling cold or having chills is associated with hypothyroidism. The system slow-down caused by an underactive thyroid means less energy is being burned by cells. Less energy equals less heat.
On the other hand, an overactive thyroid puts energy-producing cells into overdrive. That’s why people withhyperthyroidism sometimes feel too warm or sweat profusely.
You’re hoarse or neck becomes thick:
A change in your voice or a lump in your throat could be a sign of a thyroid disorder. One way to check is to take a good look at your neck to see if you can detect any signs of thyroid swelling. If you see anything that’s lumpy or suspicious, see your doctor.
Your sleep cycle is messed up: Want to sleep all of the time? It could be hypothyroidism. A sluggish thyroid can slow bodily functions down to the point where sleeping seems like a brilliant idea.
Can’t sleep? It could be hyperthyroidism. An overactive thyroid can cause anxiety and rapid pulse, which can make it hard to fall asleep or even wake you in the middle of the night.
You have gained weight: You feel that you aren’t eating any more than usual, but still gaining weight,. You are exercising, but are getting nowhere. You can’t lose it. It’s almost always due to an underactive thyroid.
On the other end of the scale, a sudden weight loss can signal hyperthyroidism.
Your hairs are falling out:
  Dry, brittle hair that breaks or falls out can be a sign ofhypothyroidism. Too little thyroid hormone disrupts your hair growth cycle and puts too many follicles into "resting" mode, resulting in hair loss—sometimes all over your body including at the outside of your eyebrows.
You have problems getting pregnant:
If you’ve been trying to have a baby for an extended period of time with no luck, an under- or over-active thyroid could be a contributing factor. Difficulty conceiving has been linked to a higher risk of undiagnosed thyroid problems.
Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can interfere with ovulation, which impairs fertility.
You have high cholesterol:
Elevated levels of the "bad" cholesterol i.e LDL(Low density lipoprotein) can be caused by an underactive thyroid and are cause for concern. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to heart problems, including an enlarged heart and heart failure.
Don’t ignore. Go get your thyroid profile done: If you have one or more of these symptoms and suspect it’s your thyroid, see your doctor and ask for a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) test, Free T3, and Free T4 tests.

Wednesday, 4 June 2014

HOW TO PREVENT MUSCLE CRAMPS

Muscle cramp is a condition when a muscle contracts involuntarily and forcibly and do not relax, this happens due to too little oxygen to muscle. Normally a muscle contract and relax alternately when we move limbs. Muscles contracts in a synchronized way to maintain posture. Muscle cramp lasts from few seconds to occasionally an hour or even longer. Muscle cramps most commonly affect arms, legs and back.

Causes of cramps:
• Lying in uncomfortable position.
• Long period of physical activity in hot weather causes dehydration and in turn cramps.
• Certain medical conditions or medicine also leads to muscle cramps.
• Age is another factor that causes cramps most often at night.
• Lack of flexibility in muscle.
• Pregnancy.


Following are a few self care measures that one can apply at home:
• Warm bath: warm water helps in relaxing cramped muscle. Keep the cramped area for long in warm water.
• Massage: rub the cramped muscle slowly and gently in natural direction of muscle. Massage will improve the blood circulation of affected area and hence relieve cramped muscle.
• Cold or heat treatment: alternatively apply ice pack or heat pad to cramped muscle. Keep the ice pack until the area turns red, it indicates that blood cells are heating the muscles.
• Stretching: stretching the cramped part gives relief. Following regular stretching regimen will prevent future cramps.
• Healthy diet: lack of certain minerals like calcium or potassium results in frequent cramps. Follow a balanced diet plan including high calcium foods like skim milk and yoghurt and potassium rich food like potatoes and banana.
• Drink water: stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water throughout the day as dehydration is a common cause of muscle cramps.
• Chamomile tea: it contains an amino acid called glycine that helps in relaxing the muscle.
• Honey: if two teaspoon of honey is taken with meals regularly it prevents recurring leg and foot cramps.